What did Bohr call the fixed location of the electrons?
Bohr did not speak of fixed LOCATIONS of electrons, he spoke of fixed energy levels. His name for such energy levels was "orbits" or "orbitals."
The Bohr model of the atom which placed the electrons at definite distances from the nucleus is known as what?
What are the three main parts of an electrons address used in the current atomic theory that describe an electrons location?
I think you are referring to the 3 quantum numbers, n, l m; principal azimuthal and magnetic. Together with the spin quantum number they "define" an electron- but I would hesitate to call this the electrons location- Heisenbergs uncertainty principle gets in the way of a simultaneous knowledge of energy and location.
The Bohr model of the atom is important because it better described the structure of these tiny particles we call atoms. Of particular importance is the idea that electrons, those tiny negative charges, move around the nucleus in orbitals or energy levels. This opened the door (busted it down, actually) to a much clearer understanding of chemistry and a host of electromagnetic phenomenon. A link can be found below for more information. It also opened…
The Bohr model of the atom is based on four fundamental postulates. Although he did not claim to explain or prove these postulates, Bohr found that by applying them, he could predict the properties of single-electron atoms and ions to an amazing degree of accuracy. Using the Bohr model, it is possible to accurately predict the energy levels of all one-electron atoms and ions, such as H, He+, Li2+ Be3+, B4+, C5+, etc. The four…