What did Cleopatra do for a living?
She was the Queen of Egypt.
- She was a QueenCleopatra VII Philopator, known to history
simply as Cleopatra, was the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt,
only shortly survived by her son, Caesarion as pharaoh.
- Cleopatra was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family of
Macedonian Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the
Great's death during the Hellenistic period. The Ptolemies,
throughout their dynasty, spoke Greek and refused to speak
Egyptian, which is the reason that Greek as well as Egyptian
languages were used on official court documents such as the Rosetta
Stone. By contrast, Cleopatra did learn to speak Egyptian and
represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess,
- Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father, Ptolemy XII
Auletes, and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV,
whom she married as per Egyptian custom, but eventually she became
sole ruler. As pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Julius
Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne. She later elevated
her son with Caesar, Caesarion, to co-ruler in name.
- After Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, she aligned with Mark Antony in opposition to Caesar's legal heir, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (later known as Augustus). With Antony, she bore the twins Cleopatra Selene II and Alexander Helios, and another son, Ptolemy Philadelphus (her unions with her brothers had produced no children). After losing the Battle of Actium to Octavian's forces, Antony committed suicide. Cleopatra followed suit, according to tradition killing herself by means of an asp bite on August 12, 30 BC. She was briefly outlived by Caesarion, who was declared pharaoh by his supporters but soon killed on Octavian's orders. Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus.