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What did Yorktown have to do with World War 2?

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September 14, 2011 12:05AM

I am assuming that the question is in regard to the USS

Yorktown, an aircraft carrier in the United States Navy. The

Yorktown was named to honor the critical 1781 victory of U.S. and

French forces over the British Army under Lord Cornwallis during

the American Revolution. The USS Yorktown was instrumental in

helping halt the Japanese advance on Port Moresby at the Battle of

the Coral Sea. Although this was a strategic victory in that it

ended the Japanese invasion attempt, the USS Lexington was sunk and

the Yorktown damaged, the Japanese lost one light carrier (IJN

Shoho) and suffered heavy damage to another fleet carrier. The

Yorktown was quickly repaired from this action and rushed into the

critical Battle of Midway, in which her aircraft assisted in the

destruction of four Japanese carriers...turning the tide of the

Pacific War. The ship was crippled by air attacks from the Japanese

carrier IJN Hiryu, and later finished-off by a Japanese submarine.

A new carrier named Yorktown (Essex class) was commissioned during

the war and served with distinction in many later campaigns and

battles in the Pacific. This ship is still in existence as a an

exhibit at Patriots Point, South Carolina.

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