World War 2
History of the United States
Colonial America
Mayflower Compact

What did the Pilgrims bring to the new world?

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Answer

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06/19/2017

Clothing (for a man):

  • Monmouth Cap (knit cap, see image at right)
  • 3 falling bands (flat, usually white laced collar)
  • 3 shirts, 1 waistcoat
  • 1 canvas suit, 1 cloth suit, 1 frieze suit
  • 3 pairs of Irish stockings
  • 4 pairs of shoes
  • 1 pair of garters (ribbons used to tie up the Irish stockings just below the knee)

Bedding and extra fabric:

  • 1 pair of canvas sheets
  • About 26 feet of canvas to make a bed and bolster for two
  • About 18 feet of canvas to make a bed for the sea voyage
  • 1 rug
  • 12 sewing needles

Food (for one man, intended to last one year):

  • Beer (the primary drink for everyone, water was often considered unsafe)
  • About 2 barrels of wheat (a barrel held 36 gallons)
  • About 1/2 barrel of peas, and 1/2 barrel of oats
  • 2 gallons of vinegar
  • 1 gallon aqua-vitae (a strong liquor made from distilling beer or wine)
  • 1 gallon salad oil
  • Bacon
  • Cheese
  • Sugar, Spice and Fruit

Weapons and Hunting:

  • Complete (but light) body armor
  • Long-barreled musket (Captain Smith recommends 5 feet 6 inches long)
  • 1 sword and belt
  • 1 bandolier (a leather belt that was worn from the right shoulder across the breast and under the left arm, to support the musket).
  • 20 pounds of gunpowder
  • 60 pounds of shot

Work Tools:

  • 5 broad and 5 narrow hoes
  • 2 broad axes, 2 pickaxes, and 5 felling axes
  • 4 hand saws and 2 whipsaws (with sharpening file)
  • 2 hammers, 3 shovels, 2 spades
  • 2 augers, 6 chisels, 1 percer, 1 gimlet (all tools used for boring/drilling/chiseling wood)
  • 2 hatchets
  • 1 frow (a sharp tool used to split wood for fence posts)
  • 1 grindstone
  • nails "of all sorts"

Cooking:

  • 1 iron pot
  • 1 kettle
  • 1 large frying pan
  • 1 grid iron
  • 2 skillets
  • 1 spit (to rotate cooking food over a fire)
  • Platters, dishes, and spoons (made of wood)