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What did the preamble to the Constitution establish?

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2007-06-13 21:58:07

The Preamble to the Federal Constitution is the only part of the

Constitution that can't be changed by an amendment. Simply because

it represents the duty and obligation of government. The American

Revolution happened because as the Declaration of Independence

clearly states: "He [the King] [had] refused to ascend to laws most

wholesome and necessary for the public good." The public good is

the meaning of republic, while republican virtue is desiring to do

good for the public good. The Latin is res publica; the public good

or the public affairs. This qualifies a certain kind of virtue but

that's another story. The founding fathers had a "classical

education." This remained unchanged for over 500 years. For example

the entrance exam to Princeton University in the eighteenth-century

was being able to read, write, and translate Latin and Greek.

Translate passages from the New Testament, the Roman poet Virgil,

and more. All schools in the colonies prepared students for this

entrance exam. So in this education was a history of republics.

People trying to remedy political evils by founding republics.

Sparta, Athens, Rome, Carthage, Venice, England, and now America.

By the time of the Constitution America had changed its government

three times. First a royal government, then a Confederation, then

the Constitution. Inherent in all of these was the duty and

obligation of Government. The founding fathers knew well, that even

before the Magna Carta in 1215, the King swore a duty and

obligation to the people (subjects) and the Common Weal, (the

republic: the public good). The Magna Carta was very important to

the colonists of Massachusetts Bay. In fact in the statehouse in

Boston there is a stained glass with a picture of a colonist with a

sword in one hand and the Magna Cart in the other. If you follow

the link you can link to the book The Never Realized Republic:

Political Economy and Republican Virtue. Then you can search inside

the book for more references to the above. Meanwhile, the Preamble

to the Federal Constitution established a duty and obligation of

government. We the people, in order to form a more perfect union,

(not a perfect one but a more perfect one. The Constitution was

strengthening the Articles of the Confederation), establish

justice, (political, social, and economical), secure domestic

tranquility, (referring not only Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts

or slave revolts, but acknowledging the importance of tranquility

for liberty's sake), provide for the common defense, (protect

citizens and others from harm), promote the general welfare, (what

is good for everyone), secure the blessings of Liberty, (that's a

big statement and only time will tell what blessings have come from

what kind of liberty Americans enjoy or do not). Note our

posterity: succeeding or future generations collectively: Judgment

of this age must be left to posterity. In addition notice the words

that are capitalized. Those are the "action words" the words they

intentionally wanted to emphasize; United States, Order, Union,

Justice, Tranquility, Welfare, Blessings of Liberty, Posterity,

etc. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more

perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility,

provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and

secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do

ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of

America.


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