What does RNA assemble to make proteins?
Short Answer is: amino acids.
The process in which RNA forms Protein is called Translation. The protein is formed on spherical organelles called ribosomes.
Ribosomes have two subunits, each composed of rRNA and proteins, the small unit and large subunit are both composed of Rna. The large subunit has three functional sites, P (peptidyl site), A (amino-acyl site) and the third catalyzes formation of the peptide bonds.
A Codon is a three-base sequence in mRNA that causes the insertion of a particular amino acid into a protein, or termination of translation.
An anti-codon is is a three-base sequence in a tRNA molecule base that pairs with a complementary codon in mRNA. tRNA with specific anticondon can carry a specific type of amino acid. Each amino acid is matched with correct tRNA by enzymes called amino-acyl tRNA synthatase. There is a whole family of these enzymes, one for each amino acid.
The translation completes in these steps: initiation,elongation and translocation.
Initiation: The small ribosomal subunit assembles on start codon AUG.
Elongation: it also has three steps:
(a)Codon recognition: tRNA with anticodon UAC and carrying the amino acid, binds to the codon.The tRNA is in the P site of large ribosomal subunit. The A site is available for the 2nd tRNA with anticodon, complementary to the next codon of m RNA.
(b)Peptide bond formation: The amino acid is carried by the 2nd tRNA and peptide bond is formed between it & new amino acid.
(c)Translocation: The 1st tRNA leaves the P site and 2nd tRNA moves to it, still bound to mRNA. Now the A site is again available for next tRNA. This process of polypeptide chain elongation continues until a stop codon is reached.
Termination: A release factor binds to the A site. It carries no amino acid but facilitate the release of the polypeptide, the ribosome and tRNA from the mRNA.
Transfer RNA or tRNA carries out the matching to assemble proteins. Read More
RNA and DNA are used to make proteins whereby RNA translates the genetic code of DNA to make proteins. Read More
RNA Read More
I am a scientist at Viginia UDK Unvirsty Rna make proteins by information. An actually theory that protein is a waste of Rna Read More
In addition to DNA, messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA are needed to make proteins. Read More
Yes. DNA codes for RNA, which is used to make proteins. Read More
ribosomal RNA Read More
The ribosome is the organelle responsible for the production of proteins. These can be found in both free and membrane-bound forms. Read More
DNA has coded instructions for making proteins, and RNA translates the code. Read More
dna has coded instructions for msking proteins, rna translatres the code. Read More
rRNA (ribsomal RNA) forms ribosomes which make proteins. Read More
What organelle uses the instructions carried by messenger RNA and the amino acids carried by transfer RNA to assemble proteins in the cell?
The ribosome is the organelle where the mRNA and tRNA are joined and translation occurs. Read More
The ribosomes, mRNA and tRNA assemble to make protein by the following processes of Translation. Initiation. Read More
Proteins make RNA, which then creates DNA. Read More
DNA & RNA are used in making proteins during transcription and translation reactions . Read More
A molecule that works together with DNA to make proteins is RNA Read More
Translation Read More
via the translation mechanism........ in which the m-RNA codes indirectly for various proteins. and ribosomes are responsible to assemble the desired aminoacids for the specific protein for which mRNA provides the coding. Read More
DNA has the code to make proteins but it can't send that code to the site where the proteins are made (ribosomes) without RNA. Read More
Messenger RNA is translated into protein in the ribosome. Read More
Messenger Rna. Read More
DNA makes RNA, and RNA makes proteins Read More
RNA is actually a single stranded copy of DNA composed of ribonucleic acids, hence the name RNA. Genomic DNA is read by an enzyme called RNA polymerase which uses DNA as a template to make a corresponding RNA copy. The RNA transcript is recognized by ribosomes and is used as a guide to assemble amino acids into long chains called polypeptides or proteins. The letters (or bases) of the DNA corresponds exactly to the letters… Read More
Messenger RNA Messenger RNA Read More
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is involved in protein synthesis, but instead are an integral part of the ribosome machinery that is used to make proteins from mRNAs. Read More
To assemble proteins and perform other functions the cell uses energy. The ribosomes use these amino acids to assemble new proteins. Read More
translation Read More
No, RNA is the cells' chemical messenger that carries instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the rest of the cell about when to make proteins and which ones. DNA makes RNA however the process does involve some enzymes that are proteins Read More
The function of the ribosomes in cells is to make proteins. Ribosomes are made up of proteins and RNA. Read More
Ribosomes are where proteins are made. They are like the factories where the RNA is= to have information on how to make the protein. Read More
Nucleus because it sends out RNA to the Ribosomes to make proteins. Read More
Yes; DNA makes RNA, & RNA makes polypeptides (proteins) Read More
All proteins in the human body are made from RNA. Read More
RNA is used for transport of proteins, DNA is the blue prints for your cells and your body; or it helps make you. Read More
Protein synthesis requires DNA codes that use RNA through transcription to make proteins in translation. In transcription RNA will be made. Transcription is the process of RNA being created from DNA in 3 steps; initiation, elongation and termination. This process is to create RNA and uses the enzyme RNA polymerase. Translation is the process of mRNA being used to make proteins in the ribosome. mRNA will attach to the ribosome which will assemble amino acids… Read More
Messenger RNA brings the genetic code to the ribosome and transfer RNA translates the code into protein Read More
DNA contains the instructions to make proteins (proteins are made up of amino acids). DNA is transcribed into RNA and sent out into the cytoplasm. In the process of translation, RNA is made into proteins from ribosomes. Read More
Protein synthesis requires DNA codes (genes) that use RNA through transcription to make proteins in translation. In transcription RNA will be made. RNA will be used to code for the proteins and translation. This process is to create RNA and uses the enzyme RNA polymerase. The process of the mRNA (messenger RNA) produced through transcription being altered in 2 ways before it leaves through the nuclear pores. One way is adding's to the 5 prime… Read More