Absolute monarchy is a ruler who is NOT restrained by laws, a constitution, custom or elections. He/she controls both the lives of the government and his/her subjects. The monarch may appoint the "prime minister" but that position is just a figurehead and it serves as a adviser to the monarch. Also, the monarch can dismiss/dissolve his/her parliament on his/her free will without the advise of the prime minister. Another thing, the monarch may dismiss all of his/her cabinets/advisers/council-members and even the prime minister.