What does ergonomics mean?
Ergonomics is the study of people's efficiency in their work environment.
To the extent that national, provincial or state governments issue regulations dealing with ergonomics or try to enforce good ergonomic practices though other means, Yes, the government plays a role in ergonomics. In the US, Federal OSHA has been forbidden by Congress from issuing an Ergonomics standard, but they publish guides and sometimes cite ergonomics problems under the general Duty Clause. At the same time, some State OSHA programs have issued Ergonomics standards.