What does the output of a rectifier contain?
Current flowing in only one direction.
What effect does an open diode have on the output voltage of a half wave rectifier and on a full wave rectifier?
What is the equation for calculating the dc output voltage for a given ac input voltage to a step-down transformer?
There is no such equation, since the output of a step-down transformer is not DC. The AC output is simply the input voltage divided by the turns ratio. So, if the input voltage is 120V, and the turns ratio is 5:1, then the output would be 24VAC. Now, if the transforner is followed by a rectifier, producing a DC output, then the output voltage depends on the type. For a half-wave rectifier, the DC output…
What is the nymber of dc pulses in the output of a full-wave rectifier whose input frequency is 50 Hz?
ANSWER In rectifiers for power supplies, the capacitor size is determined by the allowable ripple on the output. This can be determined by the rate at which the capacitor is drained. Specifically, this rate is the current drawn from the capacitor. Assume a half wave rectifier made from four diodes. For part of the cycle, the output current is supplied by the rectifier diode. This is also when the capacitor is charged. While the rectifier…
A rectifier allows current to flow only in one direction. In a half-wave rectifier circuit, an input wave which oscillates between positive and negative, will 'pass through' the positive portion of the wave, and when the input is negative will output zero. A full-wave rectifier circuit, is commonly configured with 4 rectifier diodes, which allow a positive wave to output when the input wave is negative.
What is the basic difference between a full wave bridge rectifier and a full wave center tapped rectifier?
A full-wave bridge rectifier with 4 diodes gives a dc output voltage equal to the average voltage of the whole transformer secondary. A FW rectifier with 2 diodes and a centre-tapped secondary gives an output voltage equal to the average voltage of half the secondary. If you have a 12-0-12 transformer, the bridge gives a 24 v output, while the 2-diode FW rectifier gives 12 v (approximately).
What is the output frequency of a half wave rectifier circuit if its input voltage has a frequency of 50 Hz?
A full-wave rectifier will provide an output through both the positive and negative halves of the AC sine wave. The half-wave rectifier will only provide an output for half the cycle. The filtered outputs of both rectifiers can be "smoothed" well, but the higher the load on the half-wave rectifier, the more the output voltage will vary across a cycle of input power. This results in higher ripple and makes regulation a bit more difficult…
In this case, the peak voltage, which is half the peak to peak voltage, is 100 volts. Additionally, the half-wave rectifier will only provide an output for half the input cycle. In the case of a full wave rectifier, the RMS output voltage would be about 0.707 times the value of the peak voltage (100 volts), which would be about 70.7 volts. But with the output operating only half the time (because of the half…
Can you use a rectifier as a inverter if you place your ac supply were there should be an ac output?
In a rectifier made of just diodes, the diodes have a voltage drop, resulting in a lower DC output voltage. By introducing an Op-amp, this voltage drop can be overcome. Since there is no voltage drop caused by the diodes, the rectified signal is not changed by the rectifier, so it is called a precision rectifier.
there is no need of bulky centre tap in a bridge rectifier. TUF(transformer utilisation factor) is considerably high. output is not grounded. diodes of a bridge rectifier are readily available in market. *the PIV(peak inverse voltage) for diodes in a bridge rectifier are only halfof that for a centre tapped full wave rectifier,which is of great advantage.
How do rectifier circuits stabilize the output voltage when the input voltage is subject to fluctuations?
Rectifiers don't "stabilize the output voltage" of rectifier circuits when input voltage fluctuates. The rectifiers just rectify the input, and the output will fluctuate as the input does. Another form of "conditioning" of the rectified output is needed to address the issue of fluctuations. And we use the term regulation to talk about the effect of "stabilizing" an output voltage. Through regulation, the output will be resistant to changes in voltage when changes in the…