What does the word Pesante mean?
'''Pesante''' is a musical term, meaning "heavy and ponderous." It is often used in [[Latin]] languages, such as [[Spanish language|Spanish]] or [[Portuguese language|Portuguese]], with the word ''pesado'' meaning ''heavy'' in both of these languages. The French equivalent is ''lourd''.
In performance, "pesante" is often interpreted as a tempo term. It usually is applied as an immediate pulling back of a previous tempo. While this is not the textbook application of this term, it has gained widespread use among performing musicians. Pesante tempo is usually in between 60 and 100 as it is supposed to create a heavy 'dragging feeling.
"Hold your head high, heavy heart" is an English equivalent of the Italian phrase Tenere la testa alta, cuore pesante. Specifically, the infinitive tenere means "to hold." The feminine singular definite article la means "the." The feminine noun testa means "head." The feminine adjective alta means "high." The masculine noun cuore means "heart." The feminine/masculine adjective pesante means "heavy." The pronunciation is "the-NEH-reh lah THE-stahl-tah KWOH-reh peh-ZAHN-teh."
"Heavy joy" is a literal English equivalent of the Italian phrase allegro pesante. The masculine singular adjective and feminine/masculine singular adjective/present participle most famously references a style of emphasizing and extending the loud joy of a musical passage by slowing the movement to 60 to 100 beats per minute. The pronunciation will be "al-LEY-gro pey-SAN-tey" in Italian.