What events happened in 16th century England that helped change history?

Shakespeare wrote his first play theEnglish beat the Spanish Armada

sir francis Drake sailed around the world Henry VIIIcaused the English Reformation. Elizabeth I came to the throne. The English started immigrating to America. Mary I became the first woman to officially rule England alone (as Lady Jane Grey didn't have a coronation). She went down in history as "Bloody Mary" for her persecution of English Protestants. Sir John Harrington (sp?) invented the water closet in 1596 -