The ruined city of the Monomotapa empire is located in Zimbabwe.
The kingdom lasted from 1450 to 1629 and was an advanced African
civilization. These ruins are some of the largest and oldest in
sub-Saharan Africa. The city was made entirely of stone, spanned
almost three square miles and is estimated to have housed up to
18,000 people. One of the carved images (a bird) that originated
from the city is now a national symbol of Zimbabwe. The city has
three separate structural groups and was declared a World National
Heritage site in 1986. You can visit the site for more information
about this monument at whc.unesco.org/en/list/364.
In Pretoria, South Africa, you can see the monument dedicated to
the pioneers who left Cape Colony in 1835 and 1854. It is a large,
gray structure made of stone and includes two interesting elements.
The historical frieze is a relief that depicts the journey of the
pioneers and also has images showing their work, habits and
religious beliefs. The cenotaph is the central structure that is
made for the sun to shine directly through at noon on Dec. 16 each
year, illuminating the words "We for thee, South Africa" written in
its center. Voortrekker Monument Heritage Site Eeufees Road,
Groenkloof, Pretoria (012) 326 6770/ 325 7885 voortrekkermon.org.za
This park is more than 1,500 square miles and is situated at the
southern end of the Great East African Rift Valley. Some 500
different bird species reside in it, and, beginning in 2006, zebra,
wildebeest and buffalo are being reintroduced in large numbers.
There is a safari camp in the interior of the park where visitors
can camp and drive through the park on their own or hire a guide to
drive them. There is a restaurant at the camp and barbecue
facilities as well. The park is closed during the rainy season,
which is usually from December to March. Gorongosa National Park
Parque Nacional da Gorongosa (+258) 23 535 010 gorongosa.net