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Africa

What fanous landmarks are located in sub-saharan Africa?

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February 05, 2013 2:19PM

Zimbabwe's Great Zimbabwe National Monument

The ruined city of the Monomotapa empire is located in Zimbabwe. The kingdom lasted from 1450 to 1629 and was an advanced African civilization. These ruins are some of the largest and oldest in sub-Saharan Africa. The city was made entirely of stone, spanned almost three square miles and is estimated to have housed up to 18,000 people. One of the carved images (a bird) that originated from the city is now a national symbol of Zimbabwe. The city has three separate structural groups and was declared a World National Heritage site in 1986. You can visit the site for more information about this monument at whc.unesco.org/en/list/364.

South Africa's Voortrekker Monument

In Pretoria, South Africa, you can see the monument dedicated to the pioneers who left Cape Colony in 1835 and 1854. It is a large, gray structure made of stone and includes two interesting elements. The historical frieze is a relief that depicts the journey of the pioneers and also has images showing their work, habits and religious beliefs. The cenotaph is the central structure that is made for the sun to shine directly through at noon on Dec. 16 each year, illuminating the words "We for thee, South Africa" written in its center. Voortrekker Monument Heritage Site Eeufees Road, Groenkloof, Pretoria (012) 326 6770/ 325 7885 voortrekkermon.org.za

Mozambique's Gorongosa National Park

This park is more than 1,500 square miles and is situated at the southern end of the Great East African Rift Valley. Some 500 different bird species reside in it, and, beginning in 2006, zebra, wildebeest and buffalo are being reintroduced in large numbers. There is a safari camp in the interior of the park where visitors can camp and drive through the park on their own or hire a guide to drive them. There is a restaurant at the camp and barbecue facilities as well. The park is closed during the rainy season, which is usually from December to March. Gorongosa National Park Parque Nacional da Gorongosa (+258) 23 535 010 gorongosa.net