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Answered 2009-07-13 03:12:55

The war years saw a lot of innovation in firearms design, but many of the arms were used in, and prior to, World War I. Since fully-automatic weapons have had restricted sales since 1934 I have no personal experience handling and shooting these arms due to their high cost and limited availabilty. I do own a few bolt-action and semi-automatic rifles that were used in this era. There were several arms that were developed during the war, some were mass-produced and others never made it much beyond the prototype stage. The single-shot Liberator 45 ACP handgun is one example of a WWII curiosity. Germany actually experimented with rifles that utilized barrels that were bent up to 90 degrees to fire around and over obstacles. Since this was a "world war" many nations and the arms adopted by their militaries saw action in the conflict. Nations involved in the war also shared arms and technologies in arms design and manufacture. In addition, companies that did not manufacture arms, but had manufacturing facilities and equipment that could be used to manufacture firearms parts or complete firearms were often contracted (or forced) to do so. The U.S. M1911A1 pistol is a great example; they were made by several U.S. companies during the war years including IBM, divisions of General Motors, and Singer (sewing machines). German Mauser rifles were made in some of the countries that Germany occupied during the war. Anyone that can build upon (or completely rewrite) what I've typed here is more than welcome to do so. I'm not professing to be an authority here, but this information is acurate to the best of my knowledge. This should be a good starting point to launch your Google searches for more information! UNITED STATES M1 Garand, semi-automatic rifle M1 Carbine, semi-automatic rifle (later version fully automatic) M1903 Springfield bolt action rifle .30-40 Krag-Jorgensen bolt action rifle M1A1 Thompson SMG (sub-machine gun) Browning BAR full-automatic light machine gun Browning M1919 Machine Gun (belt fed) Browning M2 50 Caliber Machine Gun M1911A1 Semi-automatic pistol M1897 Trenchgun (shotgun, 12 guage pump) GREAT BRITAIN Lee-Enfield bolt action rifle, .303 British Caliber Bren Machine Gun Sten SMG RUSSIA Mosin-Nagant bolt action rifle SVT-40 Semi-automatic rifle PTRS-41 heavy sniper rifle PPSH-41 SMG Tokarev TT-33 semi-automatic pistol GERMANY M1898 Mauser in various configurations (models with shorter barrels) Gewehr M43, semi-automatic MP40 SMG STG Rifle FG42 Light Machine Gun MG 42/43 Heavy Machine Gun 9mm Luger pistol 9mm Walther P38 pistol JAPAN Arisaka bolt action rifle Type 99 Machine Gun Type 100 SMG Nambu pistol

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