What is Israel?

1). Israel is the alternate name of the biblical patriarch Jacob.

2). Israel is the name of a nation that existed from just after the Biblical Exodus until the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Roman occupiers in 70 CE, then faded from political identification and independence, and was restored as a nation in 1948. Israel is a democracy, with a unicameral legislature whose representatives are chosen by popular vote of all adult citizens, is a member of the United Nations, and is recognized by and maintains diplomatic relations with all but 34 of the world's 196 nations.