46, as it is a somatic cell. If you wanted to know the haploid chromosome complement of a human gamete (egg or sperm) instead, then it would be 23.
It's chromosome complement.
XX for a femaleXY for a male
It is called: the GENOME, or its genetic complement, or its Chromosome Set.
1N chromosome number means a [complete complement of] 23 UNPAIRED chromosomes.
So that the cell can develop and function properly.
Aulocantha is a radiolarian protist...interestingly also having a huge 2n chromosome complement of 1600.
Each parent contributes the Haploid number (1N) of the chromosome complement to the fertilized egg. No parent contributes a pair of any chromosome.
Here are two examples that result in 'early fetal death' - Trisomy 13 and Trisomy 18. Meaning that when the normal [genetic] chromosomal complement is a chromosome pair, three copies of each chromosome are present and this is lethal.
A karyotype is the characteristic chromosome complement of a eukaryote species. In essence karyotypes describe your chromosomes. for more information go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karyotype
The possessive form of the noun complement is complement's.