What is a Medico-Legal Certificate?

A medico-legal case is a case of injury/ illness where the attending doctor, after eliciting history and examining the patient, thinks that some investigation by law enforcement agencies is essential to establish and fix responsibility for the case in accordance with the law of the land.1 It can also be defined as a case of injury or ailment, etc., in which investigations by the law-enforcing agencies are essential to fix the responsibility regarding the causation of the said injury or ailment.2 Simply put, it is a medical case with legal implications or a legal case requiring medical expertise. Accordingly, a medico-legal report is one, which is prepared for the purpose of litigation - imminent or prospective. The responsibility to label any case as an MLC rests solely with the attending medical practitioner.