What is a canopic jar?
A canopic jar was used by the Ancient Egyptians to store the viscera of a body for the afterlife. These were carved from limestone or made of pottery.
The brain was taken out but considered to be useless so it was discarded. The lungs were put in a canopic jar. The intestine was put in a canopic jar. The stomach was put in a canopic jar. The kidneys were put in a canopic jar. The heart was left in. The liver, lungs, stomach, and the intestines. They took out the heart too but replaced it after they took out the other organs.
Canopic jars were used in Ancient Egypt during the mummification process. When organs were removed from the body of the deceased they were placed in canopic jars. The more famous canopic jars are from the New Kingdom period, when each jar had a lid that featured the a likeness of the head of an Egyptian god.
There are 4 canopic jars. Each head on the canopic jar were said to be the 4 sons of Horus. 1. The human head, Imseti, held the liver. 2. The baboon head, Hapi, held the lungs. 3.The falcon head, Qebehsenuef, held the intestines. 4. The dog head, Duamtefla, held the stomach. The heart was not put into a canopic jar, because it was needed in the weighing of the heart ceremony.
There were always four canopic jars in a tomb of a pharaoh. One had the god Hapy. He shares the facial features of a baboon and the lungs were placed in his canopic jar. The next is Qebehsenuef where the intestines were placed. The following is Duamutef, a jackel. The tummy was placed in this god's jar for prtection. The last of the four is Imesty, who is a human god, that the liver of…
The jars were used by ancient Egyptians to hold mummified remains. During the mummification process the organs of the human body were removed and preserved separately in canopic jars. The persons liver, intestines (guts), lungs and stomach were placed in canopic jars. Each organ was placed in a special jar with a top representing an animal or human head.
Canopic jars are just pottery jars. Used for various purposes. Some civilisations used jars to hold the organs of embalmed prominent citizens. In ancient Egypt, mummies were buried with four canopic jars, one for each of Horus's sons, and each containing a different internal organ. The jar representing Imsety had a human head and contained the liver.