Quantcast
answersLogoWhite
notificationBell
Atoms and Atomic Structure
Particle Physics

What is a stable electron configuration?


Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2007-12-15 15:57:07

A stable electron configuration refers to an atom in which the outer electron shell is full. Outermost electron shells hold a maximum of 2, 8, 8, 18,...(etc.) electrons. With an outer shell of 2 electrons, the periodic table shows that helium has a stable electron configuration. The next stable configuration of an element has 10 (2 + 8) electrons. This is neon. Neon is followed by argon, with 18 (2 + 8 + 8) electrons. Krypton, with 36 (2 + 8 + 8 + 18) electrons is next. The remaining stable configurations follow a similar pattern, based on the maximum number of electrons able to fit into the outermost ring. These elements are extremely stable and rarely react with other elements. They are referred to as the noble gases or inert elements. Atoms of other elements may bond with each other or different elements to form molecules having full outermost shells of electrons.

123
๐Ÿ™๐Ÿฟ
2
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
๐Ÿ˜‚
0
User Avatar

Your Answer

Still Have Questions?

Related Questions

Which atom in the ground state has a stable valence electron configuration?

Neon has 8 valence electrons, which is a stable valence electron configuration.



What do many stable ions have an electron configuration of?

Many stable ions have the configuration of a noble gas.


The most stable type of electron configuration?

The noble gas configuration is known as the most stable configuration that an atom can achieve. In other words, the valence shell with ns2 np6 electron configuration.


What is a pseudo-noble gas formation?

Although the formation of an octet is the most stable electron configuration, other electron configurations provide stability. These relatively stable electron arrangements are referred to a pseudo-noble gas configuration. Although the formation of an octet is the most stable electron configuration, other electron configurations provide stability. These relatively stable electron arrangements are referred to a pseudo-noble gas configuration.


How many electrons must be gained for phosphorus to have a stable electron configuration?

Phosphorus must gain 3 electrons to achieve a stable electron configuration.


What is the formula of the ion formed when sodium achieves a stable electron configuration?

Na+ is the formula of the ion formed when sodium achieves a stable electron configuration.


Which electron configuration of the 4f energy sublevel is the most stable?

The electron configuration of the 4f energy sublevel is the most stable is 4f to the 14th power. The electron configuration of outer sublevels that are most stable is 4d up to the 5.5s up to the 1st power.


What symbol would represent a chlorine ion that has ionized to have a stable electron configuration?

What symbol would represent a chlorine ion that has ionized to have a stable electron configuration?


What is a stable electron configuration for neon?

The electron configuration of 10Ne is [1s2.2s2. 2p6]; it is very stable, obeying the 'Octet'-rule (like all noble gases do).


How do ionic compound obtain a stable electron configuration?

They achieve stable configuration by sharing their electrons in their outermost shell.


What makes an element inert or inactive?

The electron configuration is responsible for this. If the elements have a stable electron configuration, they become inert.


What does oxygen need to do in order to to achieve a stable electron configuration?

Oxygen atoms need to share or gain two electrons in order to achieve a stable electron configuration.


How many electrons does silicon need to gain or lose to have a stable electron configuration?

Four: All of its valence electrons. If a silicon atom loses four electrons, it has the stable electron configuration of neon, while if the atom gains four electrons it has the stable electron configuration of argon. A silicon atom can also form a stable compound, as contrasted with a stable electron configuration for a single atom, by sharing four electrons with one or more other atoms.


What is the importance of electron configuration?

electronic configuration is important for the matter to be stable or octet to be complete


What is the correct electron configuration for Cu?

The electron configuration of copper is: [Ar]4s13d10. It isn't 4s23d9 because Cu is able to obtain a more stable electron configuration when it takes an electron from the 4s and adds it to 3d. A half filled 4s and a completely filled 3d is more stable.


Which electron configuration of the 4f energy sublevel is most stable?

The most stable electron configuration of the 4f energy sublevel is 4f7 or 4f14. In the 4f7 configuration, there would be only one electron in each of the seven orbitals and they would all have the same spin.




Atoms gain or lose electrons to achieve?

A stable electron configuration.


What is important about the electron configuration of the noble gases?

By acquiring noble gas configuration elements become stable .


Have two valence electrons and get to a stable electron configuration by using two electrons?

an element with 2 valence electrons can obtain a stable electron configuration by "kicking out" two electrons to have the same electron config as the noble gas in the previous period


What is the ground state electron configuration for silicon and what is the actual ground state electron configuration for copper?

The expected ground-state electron configuration of copper is ; however, the actual configuration is because a full dsubshell is particularly stable. There are 18 other anomalous elements for which the actual electron configuration is not what would be expected.


What does an electron configuration tell you about an element?

Not quite sure but i believe if it's stable or not.



Still have questions?

Trending Questions
Do potatoes have genders? Asked By Wiki User
Why is Vanna White so skinny? Asked By Wiki User
How many 20 go into 200? Asked By Wiki User
What times what equals 6? Asked By Wiki User
Previously Viewed
Unanswered Questions
Does arsenio hall have ms? Asked By Wiki User