What is an example of classical conditioning?
Your romantic partner always uses the same shampoo. Soon, the
smell of that shampoo makes you feel happy! This is a perfect
example of Classical Conditioning.
Classical conditioning is a form of associative learning, which results in a certain unconscious response. Most phobias are a result of unintentional classical conditioning, and, therefore, are examples of classical conditioning. The most famous example of classical conditioning would be Pavlov's dogs. By ringing a bell (neutral stimulus) before presenting food (unconditioned stimulus), the dogs subconsciously associated the two, and salivated (conditioned response) at the mere sound of a bell (conditioned stimulus). Another famous experiment is Watson's "Little Albert" experiment. A small child was presented with an object, such as a stuffed animal, and then heard a loud, clashing noise (something it was naturally afraid of). The small child, after continued exposure to this training, became fearful of the stuffed animals alone.
I think... With classical conditioning, the conditional stimulus is presented before the unconditional stimulus to form a conditioned response. For example, training a dog to return when a whistle is blown. With operant conditioning, reinforcement is presented after the response. For example, rewards (positive reinforcement) are given for good behaviour. Punishment (negative reinforcement) for bad. Hope this helps... Classical conditioning was discovered accidentally by Pavlov.
Probably because it was the first kind of conditioning to be demonstrated and studied. See Pavlov As eluded to above, classical conditioning is called such because it was the first kind of conditioning to be studied and demonstrated. However, the term "classical" also is used to differentiate this type of conditioning from "Operant Conditioning" which was first demonstrated by B.F. Skinner.
In general terms, conditioning is basically training a person or animal to act a certain way in response to a specific event or item. There are two forms of conditioning, classical and operant. In classical conditioning, events are linked to specific behaviors. For example, when you hear a bell in school, you realize that you are late. In operant conditioning, one is trained with rewards and punishment. For example, you try not to be late…