What is black pepper?
Black pepper is the small, dark, unripe fruit of the pepper plant (Piper nigrum), used whole or ground as a pungent spice. Pepper is native to India and Southeast Asia, where it is extensively cultivated.
Black pepper is the whole peppercorn and white pepper is the peppercorn with the shell removed. Black pepper has a black outer shell that has a strong flavor while white pepper is milder in flavor. Use white pepper in dishes such as white sauce where color makes a difference in presentation. Darker dishes will use the black pepper.