What is civilization?
Civilization or civilisation generally refers to polities which
combine three basic institutions: a ceremonial center (a formal
gathering place for social and cultural activities), a system of
writing, and a city. The term is used to contrast with other types
of communities including hunter-gatherers, nomadic pastoralists and
tribal villages. Civilizations have more densely populated
settlements, characterized by a ruling elite, and subordinate urban
and rural populations, which, by the division of labor, engage in
intensive agriculture, mining, small-scale manufacture and trade.
Civilization concentrates power, extending man's control over both
nature, and over other human beings. Refer to link below.
Civilization is a group of societies (e.g.: countries, villages,
cities) that share the same territory, language, culture,
architecture, religion, etc. For example, the USA is a society.
USA, other countries of the American continent (like Canada, Mexico
and Brazil) and Europe form the occidental civilization.