What is descartes statement?
Cogito ergo sum = I think, therefore I am .
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Birthplace of Rene Descartes . Oddly enough, the place now called Descartes. Initially called La Haye en Touraine , the town was renamed La Haye-Descartes in 1802 in his honour, and then renamed again to Descartes in 1967.
He invented analytical geometry to synthesize algebra and geometry.Some consider his skepticism about previously accepted ideas his greatest contribution. Rational thought to understand the universe, nature, and human relations was descartes work.
Descartes was a very friendly man and very intellectually open; he had close personal relationships with his family members, exemplified by his sadness over the death of his young daughter. As he was very religious, Descartes sought to reconcile his faith with his scientific and philosophical discov…eries. ( Full Answer )
Descartes, RenÃ© (1596-1650) RenÃ© Descartes, often called the father of modern philosophy, attempted to break with the philosophical traditions of his day and start philosophy anew. Rejecting the Aristotelian philosophy of the schools, the authority of tradition and the authority of the sen…ses, he built a philosophical system that included a method of inquiry, a metaphysics, a mechanistic physics and biology, and an account of human psychology intended to ground an ethics. Descartes was also important as one of the founders of the new analytic geometry, which combines geometry and algebra, and whose certainty provided a kind of model for the rest of his philosophy. After an education in the scholastic and humanistic traditions, Descartes' earliest work was mostly in mathematics and mathematical physics, in which his most important achievements were his analytical geometry and his discovery of the law of refraction in optics. In this early period he also wrote his unfinished treatise on method, the Rules for the Direction of the Mind , which set out a procedure for investigating nature, based on the reduction of complex problems to simpler ones solvable by direct intuition. From these intuitively established foundations, Descartes tried to show how one could then attain the solution of the problems originally posed. Descartes abandoned these methodological studies by 1628 or 1629, turning first to metaphysics, and soon afterwards to an orderly exposition of his physics and biology in The World . But this work was overtly Copernican in its cosmology, and when Galileo was condemned in 1633, Descartes withdrew The World from publication; it appeared only after his death. Descartes' mature philosophy began to appear in 1637 with the publication of a single volume containing the Geometry , Dioptrics and Meteors , three essays in which he presented some of his most notable scientific results, preceded by the Discourse on the Method , a semi-autobiographical introduction that outlined his approach to philosophy and the full system into which the specific results fit. In the years following, he published a series of writings in which he set out his system in a more orderly way, beginning with its metaphysical foundations in the Meditations (1641), adding his physics in the Principles of Philosophy (1644), and offering a sketch of the psychology and moral philosophy in the Passions of the Soul (1649). In our youth, Descartes held, we acquire many prejudices which interfere with the proper use of our reason. Consequently, later we must reject everything we believe and start anew. Hence the Meditations begins with a series of arguments intended to cast doubt upon everything formerly believed, and culminating in the hypothesis of an all-deceiving evil genius, a device to keep former beliefs from returning. The rebuilding of the world begins with the discovery of the self through the 'Cogito Argument' ('I am thinking, therefore I exist') - a self known only as a thinking thing, and known independently of the senses. Within this thinking self, Descartes discovers an idea of God, an idea of something so perfect that it could not have been caused in us by anything with less perfection than God Himself. From this he concluded that God must exist which, in turn, guarantees that reason can be trusted. Since we are made in such a way that we cannot help holding certain beliefs (the so-called 'clear and distinct' perceptions), God would be a deceiver, and thus imperfect, if such beliefs were wrong; any mistakes must be due to our own misuse of reason. This is Descartes' famous epistemological principle of clear and distinct perception. This central argument in Descartes' philosophy, however, is threatened with circularity - the Cartesian Circle - since the arguments that establish the trustworthiness of reason (the Cogito Argument and the argument for the existence of God) themselves seem to depend on the trustworthiness of reason. Also central to Descartes' metaphysics was the distinction between mind and body. Since the clear and distinct ideas of mind and body are entirely separate, God can create them apart from one another. Therefore, they are distinct substances. The mind is a substance whose essence is thought alone, and hence exists entirely outside geometric categories, including place. Body is a substance whose essence is extension alone, a geometric object without even sensory qualities like colour or taste, which exist only in the perceiving mind. We know that such bodies exist as the causes of sensation: God has given us a great propensity to believe that our sensations come to us from external bodies, and no means to correct that propensity; hence, he would be a deceiver if we were mistaken. But Descartes also held that the mind and body are closely united with one another; sensation and other feelings, such as hunger and pain, arise from this union. Sensations cannot inform us about the real nature of things, but they can be reliable as sources of knowledge useful to maintaining the mind and body unity. While many of Descartes' contemporaries found it difficult to understand how mind and body can relate to one another, Descartes took it as a simple fact of experience that they do. His account of the passions is an account of how this connection leads us to feelings like wonder, love, hatred, desire, joy and sadness, from which all other passions derive. Understanding these passions helps us to control them, which was a central aim of morality for Descartes. Descartes' account of body as extended substance led to a physics as well. Because to be extended is to be a body, there can be no empty space. Furthermore, since all body is of the same nature, all differences between bodies are to be explained in terms of the size, shape and motion of their component parts, and in terms of the laws of motion that they obey. Descartes attempted to derive these laws from the way in which God, in his constancy, conserves the world at every moment. In these mechanistic terms, Descartes attempted to explain a wide variety of features of the world, from the formation of planetary systems out of an initial chaos, to magnetism, to the vital functions of animals, which he considered to be mere machines. Descartes never finished working out his ambitious programme in full detail. Though he published the metaphysics and the general portion of his physics, the physical explanation of specific phenomena, especially biological, remained unfinished, as did his moral theory. Despite this, however, Descartes' programme had an enormous influence on the philosophy that followed, both within the substantial group that identified themselves as his followers, and outside. . ( Full Answer )
The dream argument claims that we have no way of determining conclusively at any moment whether or not we are dreaming. Hence, it is possible at any given time that we are dreaming. Descartes thinks that this mere possibility is sufficient to undermine knowledge. Why? The most likely reason is tha…t Descartes assumes something like: if we were dreaming, then beliefs about the external world produced in us by our dreams would tend not to be true. ( Full Answer )
By separating science from religion, Descartes allowed scientiststo focus on their work without fear of a heresy trial. This theoryhas impacted psychology placed the study of the mind outside therealm of science and made it either be approached in a purelymechanical view of behavior or include the s…ubject to be studiedbut not under science. ( Full Answer )
When he was Twelve years of age and was in his classroom; the teacher needed Time to grade the exam that was given the day before so he asked that all the students sum up all the numbers starting from one up to one hundred. They were supposed to sum 1 plus 2 = 3 + 3 = 6 + 4= 10+5=15 until the last …number to be sumed up was 100. And THAT would give him Time to Grade all the exams. All the kiddos started to do the work INMEDIATELY; but not Rene. He did not even grab a pen and a piece of paper. His body stood there but his mind was high up in the sky doing IMAGINATIONS AND VISUALIZATIONS. And we are going to do them in a little while, please be patient. The Teacher had not finished grading three exams when notocong that Rene was doing NOTHING... He asked What is The Matter with You?! Rene replied that he got the answer. The teacher could not believe this because the answer was not calculated yet by the teacher so he asked ; OK, What is it? Rene gave a number. Please explain how you got it without paper and a pen. "From 1 to 99 we have HUNDREDS... 1+99=100; 2=98=100; 3=97=100; AND IF WE CONTINUE UNTIL 49=51=100 WE HAVE A TOTAL OF 4,900. Plus the 50 in the middle= 4,950. And to finalize it completely; Please add the 100 at the VERY END and we have... 4950=100=5050. 5,050. Needles to say that all his classmates, (which by the way were all teenagers as Rene had been upgraded since Kindergarten) and the teacher, inmediately grasped his response and applauded for such a magnificent elucidation. Lesson: Please do not think that you inmediately got it and start working on it that way. Please PONDER on the problem at hand, breathe deeply, imagine, visualize, and with time to poder; it will come a response from heaven for you. A solution to your problem or Demand. Please TAKE TIME before starting to work in a pattern. There are SHORTCUTS that can be found by those who Ponder. Thanks, Please Enjoy! Rene Descartes is not only interesting but great; because He continues to inspire me. Thanks again. ( Full Answer )
Mainly, he thought about stuff, and then wrote about it. Such is the life of a professional philosopher.
Rene Descartes, who has been called the Father of ModernPhilosophy, used alphabetic symbols to represent mathematicalideas. For instance, he used x to denote a variable.
He discovered the formulas for possible algebraic geometry, including the unknown variables, x, y, and z, and the known variables, a, b, and c. If you're having trouble in algebra, now you know who discovered it! :)
Descartes went to the University of Poitiers and got a degree in law. However, in 1618 he joined the International College of War in the Dutch Republic. Ten years later he joins the University of Franeker, and later enrolls in Leiden University to study mathematics.
Born in La Haye (south of France) Later relocated and died in Sweden in palace of Queen Christina
Descartes 3 goals are: Find a unified set of principles, reconcile the mechanistic view of the world with human freedom, and to find certainty.
Rene Descartes was born on March 31, 1596 in La Heye en Touraine, France. He died on February 11, 1650 (he was 53.) The place Rene Descartes was born in (La Haye en Touraine, France) was renamed La Haye-Descartes in 1802 in his honor, and then it was renamed again to just Descartes in 1967.
\nHe is credited with discovering analytic geometry. He also did the work that allowed other to discover calculus. (1) Being the Father of Modern Continental Rationalism (2) Formulating the famous argument Cogito ergo sum (I think, therefore I am) . He is accredited with being the father of Analy…tical Geometry and developed the Cartesian Co-ordinate SYstem. ( Full Answer )
The new scientific method was really a revolution in thought. Two giants of this revolution were the Englishman Francis Bacon and the Frenchman RenÃ© Descartes (ruh nay day kahrt). Each devoted himself to the problem of knowledge.. Both Bacon and Descartes rejected Aristotle's scientific assumpti…ons. They also challenged the scholarly traditions of the medieval universities that sought to make the physical world fit in with the teachings of the Church. Both argued that truth is not known at the beginning of inquiry but at the end, after a long process of investigation.. Bacon and Descartes differed in their methods, however. Bacon stressed experimentation and observation. He wanted science to make life better for people by leading to practical technologies. Descartes emphasized human reasoning as the best road to understanding. In his Discourse on Method , he explains how he decided to discard all traditional authorities and search for provable knowledge. Left only with doubt, he concluded that the doubter had to exist and made his famous statement, "I think, therefore I am.". ( Full Answer )
Essentially, Descartes' philosophy was based on the notion of methodical doubt, that is, to doubt absolutely everything that one could not be absolutely certain of. Descartes considered the principal weakness of his predecessor's philosophy to be its subjectivity. He felt that the premises from whic…h previous philosophers deduced truths were not necessarily accurate, and thus did not provide any intellectual certainty. Consequently, Descartes used methodical doubt as the starting point for his philosophy. ( Full Answer )
Descartes was a famous French philospher who lived during the Englightenment era. His name is pronounced as "deh-kart".
Descartes creates the evil genius in an attempt to throweverything that he thinks he knows into question. . The evil genius has god-like power that he uses to deceiveDescartes. Descartes cannot disprove the existence of such acreature. You cannot trust your thoughts in such a scenario, thusDescarte…s cannot be certain that any of the information he getsfrom his senses, his memories, his thoughts, or his beliefs isreal. ( Full Answer )
Descartes' project involves starting from scratch . He wants to begin by presupposing nothing. The fact that he finds himself believing something is not automatically a reason for thinking it true; neither is the fact that other people have believed it, no matter how many people, how firm their bel…ief, how long they have believed it, or how highly regarded they are. Descartes will begin by taking nothing for granted. It may be in the end that the conventional sources of wisdom will be vindicated, but it will not do to begin by assuming that they are reliable; only a compelling argument can show that. Descartes proposes to conduct this investigation into the warrant for our beliefs by doubting everything until it has been shown to be an acceptable belief. Surely it must have struck most of us at one time or other that such a project would be extremely valuable. It is often forcibly brought home to us that we believe a good deal that is false, and when this happens we become vividly aware that our procedures for discriminating truths from falsehoods are not very reliable, and long for a more adequate procedure. The project of pure inquiry may be motivated by what Alasdair MacIntyre has called an "epistemological crisis." Such a crisis involves a discovery which forces one to reinterpret a great deal of evidence whose explanation one had felt certain one understood. One might, for example, suppose on what seemed compelling evidence that a certain person was one's friend. Despite all one's evidence it might one day become perfectly clear that this person did not care about one at all. Suddenly everything the person did would be seen in a new light: actions that had seemed spontaneous would now be seen as calculated and scheming; actions that had seemed signs of affection would now seem deliberately deceptive expressions of pure self-interest; actions that had seemed generous or selfless would now seem greedy and grasping. This sort of experience can be profoundly unsettling. One may naturally be led to the quite dismaying thought that if one could have been so mistaken about this acquaintance, one could well be mistaken about any of one's acquaintances. (One could also have the further worry that one could be mistaken about all of one's acquaintances, but this seems psychologically less likely--and for good reason, since the possibility of error about every case does not follow from the possibility of error about any case. Compare: anyone now alive could become the last person on earth, but it could not happen that everyone now alive became the last person on earth.) It may well seem at such a time that the only alternative to the discovery of a foolproof means of distinguishing true friends from false is this sort of damaging wholesale skepticism. One consequence of Descartes' determination to begin from scratch was a refusal to accept any belief on authority, and thus an increased emphasis on the importance of the individual in working out his or her own beliefs. (In this respect Descartes' influence might be compared with that of Luther a century before.) This was during a period in which the influence of the Church in matters of belief was still very strong: Descartes' principal philosophical works, the Discourse on the Method and the Meditations , were published in 1637 and 1641, respectively; it was only a few years earlier, in 1633, that Galileo was condemned and sentenced to life imprisonment by the Inquisition for maintaining that the Earth moved. (Indeed Descartes' knowledge of Galileo's condemnation led him to be fearful of condemnation by the Church; he went so far as to suppress his first scientific work, to have been called Treatise on the Universe . And it should be noted that Descartes did not mean to be subversive; indeed, he hoped that his views would become official Catholic teaching, and wrote a textbook (the Principles , 1644) in hope of furthering this end.) ( Full Answer )
RenÃ© Descartes was a French philosopher and mathematician that lived from 1596 to 1650. He is considered the Father of Modern Philosophy as well as the Father of Analytical Geometry. The Cartesian Coordinate System was named after him. He was a primary influence in the Scientific Revolution. F…or more information, please see the Related Link below. RenÃ© Descartes (French ) (March 31, 1596 - February 11, 1650), also known as Renatus Cartesius (latinized form), the highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer Briefly, Descartes was a French Catholic philosopher whose chief concern was epistemology - that is, the extent of human knowledge. Rene DesCartes (1596-1650) was a French philosopher and mathematician who is widely regarded as the father of modern western philosophy. . ( Full Answer )
Rene Descartes was a French mathematician and philosopher he introduced the concept of coordinated geometry plotted on a plane
Around the age of eleven, he entered the Jesuit College Royal Henry-Le-Grand at La Fleche.
Descartes' proof for the existence of God is an elaboration of the Ontological Argument first proposed by St. Anselm, consisting of the following axioms and reasonings: . I exist (Axiom) . I have in my mind the notion of a perfect being (Axiom, partly based on 1) . An imperfect being, like mysel…f, cannot think up the notion of a perfect being (Axiom) . Therefore the notion of a perfect being must have originated from the perfect being himself (from 2 & 3) . A perfect being would not be perfect if it did not exist (Axiom) . Therefore a perfect being must exist (from 4 & 5) Although an elaboration of Anselm's Argument, it is even more easily dismissed as an entirely unsound argument. Only the first point in his argument is undeniably valid. The remaining points become increasingly disputable, as each in turn relies on unsound argument. ( Full Answer )
Descartes uses this statement to prove that he exists: "I think, therefore I am." He uses this as proof because him thinking shows he is capable of having a free will and keeping his own opinions.
Rene Descartes was an only child. He was born to Jeanne Brochardand Joachim Descartes on March 31, 1596, in La Haye en Touraine.His mother died when he was one-year old.
A state is better governed which has few laws, and those laws strictly observed. BY MEHAK SAPRA
This is a math category and Rene Descartes is a Philosopher... And yes, he is a dualist. Most famously for the mind/body problem...
Rene Descartes mother died when he was only thirteen months. Hisfather remarried and Rene and his older brother and sister wereraised by their grandmother.
With the wax, Descartes is trying to prove that the senses are moreunreliable than the mind. Even after all the physical properties ofthe wax have changed, and the senses should give us the informationthat it is a different piece of wax, our minds tell us, correctly,that it is indeed the same piece …of wax. Therefore, the mind shouldalways be trusted about sense perceptions. ( Full Answer )
Gomene, I am also searching for the answer so I thought that theanswer would be here and I didn't actually think I am the one whowill suppose to answer this
Descartes' theory of knowledge was to doubt all things and accept as knowledge the things that could not be doubted
He was a French mathematician and philosopher and he invented Cartesian coordinates of y = mx+c whereas m is the slope and c is the y intercept on a straight line equation.
Rene Descartes invented the famous Cartesian coordinate system.He worked in the field of analytic geometry.
"Descartes emphasized the importance of his own mind. He asserted that he would accept only those things that his reason were true." - GLENCOE WORLD HISTORY
Rene Descartes was a Mathematician, philosopher, those were themain two and then he also was a Writer and Scientist
RenÃ© Descartes earned a BaccalaurÃ©at and Licence in law in 1616 at the University of Poitiers. It was his father's wish that he should become a lawyer.
One thing that Rene Descartes did was make the connection between the mind and the brain. He developed the theory that the nonphysical mind controlled the physical body through secretions in the pineal gland. Although this is incorrect, he was the first person to try to try to make this connection. …In reality, we now know that our behavior is controlled by the physical body (the brain) and the mind does not exist. Rene Descartes was an innovative philosopher and a mathematician. Rene Descartes (pronounced dey-cart) was a philosopher who experimented with the method of doubt. His belief had three key phenomenons, first that our eyes were tricking us, the second is deduction, and the third is that there is a demon who is controlling us, tricking us, making us believe things that are not true. This led him to the famous quote, "I think, therefore I am," ( one of my favorite philosophical quotes) ( Full Answer )
Rene Descartes does not appear to have had a nickname, although he once enrolled at Leiden University under the name of "Poitevin" and he is now often known as "the father of modern philosphy".
Descartes' philosophy on reality actually shows that we cannot for sure know that we aren' dreaming. In fact, Descartes believed that we are not sure of anything, except for the fact that we exist because we use logic and reason. Sorry that this doesn't answer your question, but the point of this …ideology is for others to try to show Descartes how we know FOR CERTAIN that we are not dreaming right now....harder to do than one would think. ( Full Answer )
Renee Descartes was an important French mathematician, perhaps best known as the inventor of the Cartesian coordinate system, and for his famous statement "Je pense donc je suis" which in translation means, I think therefore I am.
Descartes was a student of all the philosophers and mathematicians who had preceded him. Every great thinker builds on what has come before. Beyond that, he thought about interesting unanswered questions and tried to come up with answers.
He believed he could know for sure that he existed. Because at one point, he doubted everything in the world, but what he could not doubt was that he was doubting. So he could not doubt that somebody or something was doubting. Cogito ergo sum, I think so I am. He believed he had found the evidence …that god exists. Because god is a perfect creature and immortal. He, as mortal and not perfect human could never create a perfect creature in his mind. There was also no perception for god. So god must be existing. Second evidence for the existing of god was that god was perfect, and how could he be perfect if he didn't exist? And if god existed, he could be sure his senses were trustworthy, because a good god would never give anyone false senses ( Full Answer )
He became one of the most influential thinkers in human history and was sometimes called the founder of modern philosophy. He was also an outstanding mathematician inventing analytic geometry and attempting to devise the simple universal laws that governed all physical change. He introduced the famo…us phrase in English 'I think, therefore I am' ( Full Answer )
He was born on March 31st, 1596 in LaHaye, France. When he was eight he attended the Jesuit college
He is most famous for "I think therefore I am." He came up with this while trying to get rid of everything that we assume. He wanted the most basic fact; something that doesn't arise out of other facts. This is what he found to be the most basic fact that couldn't be disputed. He figured even i…f he his body, senses, etc were all lying to him, at the very least if he was contemplating his existence, then he must exist. Because something must be thinking. ( Full Answer )
Descartes claimed to be a devout Catholic however God seemed to bea used deity for him. He seemed to use God when it was convenientand didn't believe in him when he wasn't needed.
Yes. RenÃ© Descartes (31 March 1596 - 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic.
Descartes believed that the truth must be indubitable becausedoubting leads to answers. The only thing he perceived to becertain was his own existence.
RenÃ© Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer. In 1606, at the age of 8, RenÃ© attended the Jesuit college of Henri IV in La FlÃ¨che, where he studied literature, grammar, science, and mathematics. In 1614, he left La FlÃ¨che to study civil and cannon Law at Poitiers. In… 1616, he received his baccalaureate and licentiate degrees in Law. Aside from his Law degrees, Descartes also spent time studying philosophy, theology, and medicine. In 1637, he published "geometry", in which his combination of algebra and geometry gave birth to analytical geometry, better known as Cartesian geometry. But the most important contribution Descartes made were his philosophical writings; Descartes, who was convinced that science and mathematics could be used to explain everything in nature, was the first to describe the physical universe in terms of matter and motion, seeing the universe a as giant mathematically designed engine. Descartes wrote three important texts: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason and Seeking Truth in the Sciences , Meditations on First Philosophy , and Principles of Philosophy . He contracted pneumonia, from which he died on February 11, 1650 at the age of 54. ( Full Answer )