What is meant by the term white flight?
The term "white flight" was the process by which the population
of inner-city urban areas became predominantly African-Americans
and other minorities. This resulted from the inability of many
cities to raise the revenue necessary for essential services
(usually due to growing population and a high poverty index).
Suburban areas offered less expensive land and housing, cleaner
environments, less crime, and lower taxes. However, it was mostly
the white, middle-class residents who had the jobs, income, and
education to support relocation, to afford homes and reliable
private transportation. As urban areas became less attractive,
property values and per capita income fell, further eroding the
ability of cities to afford capital expenditures. The vicious
circle was only broken in some areas through private investment,
which led to redevelopment and reurbanization initiatives.
The term of "White flight" was used to describe how white Americans
would try to move out of a neighborhood when they believed that too
many Afro Americans were moving in. It's seldom heard today. In
fact the reverse of this in places like Harlem in New York City has
been decried among certain civil rights leaders. To them non whites
moving into neighborhoods like Harlem and bringing with them their
culture & money does not fit the ideas of certain Black
leaders. I emphasize the term of certain.