Japanese Language and Culture

What is rōmaji?

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2018-02-15 17:05:55

Rōmaji (ローマ字) is the writing of Japanese in Latin, the

same alphabet used in English.


There are several different spelling systems for Rōmaji. The

three main ones are:

  1. Hepburn romanization (most common)
  2. Kunrei-shiki romanization (ISO 3602)
  3. Nihon-shiki romanization (ISO 3602 Strict)


Variants of the Hepburn system are the most widely used. Here is

the most common Rōmaji alphabet using the Hepburn system:


A B CH D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S SH T U W Y Z


(The Hepburn system is based on English spelling, and doesn't

use C by itself, Q, or X)


The long vowels are generally indicated by macrons ( ¯ ), and

every consonant must be followed by vowel except for the letter

N.


Here is an example of Japanese text in Hepburn Rōmaji:


"Subete no ningen wa, umarenagara ni shite jiyū de ari,

katsu, songen to kenri to ni tsuite byōdō de aru. Ningen wa, risei

to ryōshin to o sazukerarete ori, tagai ni dōhō no seishin o motte

kōdō shinakereba naranai."


Japanese has 4 writing systems (5 if you count numbers as a

writing system):

  1. Katakana- a set of symbols representing whole syllables,

    used for foreign words (aka any word or thing not from the Japanese

    language)

  2. Hiragana- a set of symbols representing whole syllables,

    used for Japanese language words and suffixes not found in

    Chinese.

  3. Kanji - a set of 2000 chinese characters used in

    Japanese.

  4. Rōmaji- is Japanese written out in roman characters so

    the hiragana


For example:


  1. Hirigana example: いいえ would be written in Rōmaji as iie

    ("no")

  2. Katakana example: コンピューター would be written in Rōmaji as

    konpyūtā ("computer")

  3. Kanji example: 言語 would be written in Rōmaji as gengo

    ("language").


Japanese keyboards are usually set up like an American or

European keyboard. You type in a word in Rōmaji, and the computer

will automatically come up with the hiragana or katakana. You then

press the spacebar and it will convert the previous word into kanji

that you want. You don't convert every word; only certain words are

spelled with kanji characters.


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