What is the Coriolis effect and how does it effect the convection currents in the Atmosphere?
The Coriolis effect is the way Earth's rotation makes the winds curve.
The side of the Earth facing the Sun has its surface, atmosphere and oceans heated but the energy form the Sun. This then starts convection currents in the atmosphere and oceans as the area of maximum heating (near the equator) tries to distribute the heat to the area of least heating (the poles). The convection currents are moderated by the Earth's rotation due to the Coriolis effect.
Well, due to the Coriolis Effect (which is caused by the rotation of the Earth and causes winds in the Northern Hemisphere to veer to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere to veer to the left), the convection currents in the Northern Hemisphere go clockwise, while the convection currents in the Southern Hemisphere go counterclockwise.