What is the Difference between civil and a criminal offense?
A civil offence is a criminal offence that applies to civilians as opposed to military personnel.
For example, in England and Wales the death penalty for the civil offence of treason was abolished by the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 c.37, but similar offences for military personnel were not abolished until later the same year by the Human Rights Act 1998 c.42.
The difference between slander and libel is that slander is the spoken word, whereas libel is a written word i.e. newspaper, anything in the public domain. libel can be a criminal offense as well as civil rights to civil liability while slander is a mere civil offense. libel is permanent in form while slander is temporary in form. in slander damages must be proved
The difference is in how the state legislature codifies the crime as being one or the other. Violations of criminal law can result in a monetary fine and/or jail or prison time depending on the severity of the offense. Civil crime violations are punishable only by fines or judgments or liens against you. No jail time is associated with civil offenses.