What is the Difference between intensive and extensive farming?
Extensive farming (as opposed to intensive farming) is an
agricultural production system that uses little inputs on vast
areas of land, such as the Great Plains. Extensive farming most
commonly refers to sheep and cattle farming in areas with low
agricultural productivity, but can also refer to large-scale
growing of wheat, barley and other grain crops in areas like the
Murray-Darling Basin. Here, owing to the extreme age and poverty of
the soils, yields per hectare are very low, but the flat terrain
and very large farm sizes mean yields per unit of labour are high.
Nomadic herding is an extreme example of extensive farming, where
herders move their animals to use feed from occasional
Intensive farming (or Capital Intensive farming) has a large
investment and usually works with alot of food production at one
time, Bernard Mathews is an example of a capital intensive farming
system, with lots of animals in a small space.