What is the ancient Greek concept of the elements?
The ancient Greeks linked and explained most of the elements and seasons to the gods. A good example is Demeter, goddess of the corn. The myth goes that her daughter was captured by Hades, God of the Underworld and she refused to let anything grow, so the gods made a deal between them that they have to share her daughter Persephone between them. They explain the seasons as this:
Summer - Demeter and her daughter are together so everything grows and is plentiful.
Autumn - Her daughter goes to the underworld so Demeter starts mourning and the plants strat to die.
Winter - She continues to mourn and all the plants stay dead, and the land gets cold.
Spring - Her daughter returns and Demeter rejoices and the plants spring into new life.
These are the old "Aristotelian elements" and have nothing to do with elements as defined by modern science. The four "Aristotelian elements" originated in the philosophy of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. In a very vague way they loosely correspond to the concept of the states of matter in modern science: earth - solid water - liquid air - gas fire - plasma
What is the ancient greek mythology concept for the 5 elements water fire wind air and earth in other words what they believe the power is and what it does?
Athens in A Midsummer Night's Dream is the Athens of Ancient Greece--sort of. Several elements of the play are based on Ancient Greek Literature and mythology. However, many of the elements are not from Greek mythology including Oberon, Puck and Titania, and the rude mechanicals have British, not Greek, names.
Which ancient civilisations had the most influence on the western concepts of civil and naturals laws?
A large part of ancient Greek culture was its concept of a variety of gods, goddesses and demi gods. They can be called pagan gods and the Greeks to one degree or another believed that pleasing their gods was a way to find peace and prosperity. The pagan style of beliefs did not influence western civilization in any large measure.
The elements of chemistry have been named in a variety of ways. Often, element names are derived from words of ancient languages, such as Latin and Ancient Greek. In other cases, element names are derived from the names of the people that discovered them, or people with a notable relation to the element.
The early greek city-state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding territory. Polis is described as city in Greek. Also known in Ancient Greek as city-state, it could also mean citizenship and body of citizens. You had to be born in to citizenship by naturalization otherwise you could be shut out of democracy. This being a new concept of the ancient world which demonstrates culture might be universal to the greeks.
I am from Greece and every year we have honor ceremonies for past greek heroes. First, in Greek, honor is "τιμή" timi. The ancient Greek people usually they honored the war heroes. The ancient Greek concept of a hero was different from our own culture's. First and foremost, the ancient Greek hero was a religious figure, a dead person who received cult honors and was expected in return to bring prosperity, especially in the form…