What is the biblical universe?
Scripture has very little to say about what the universe is, though it is clear that it is made by God and proclaims his glory.
Much is made of claims by Paul in 2 Corinthian 12:2 about the third heaven, but in truth it says very little about the "layout" of the universe. As he understood it, the sky (earths atmosphere/clouds) could be described as the first heaven, the stars, sun and moon were beyond these could be descibed as the second heaven. God's eternal dwelling place is in neither of these areas, so it is described as the third heaven.
It is not presented as scientific language, and it is not giving a precise location - orthodox Christianity says that God's dwelling place is not spatial, because he was "there" before space was made. It's simply using the language of his time to try and clarify his experience.
There are many different versions of Christianity, so not all Christians have the same opinions about practically anything. Biblical literalists believe that the universe is about 6000 years old. Other Christians are perfectly willing to accept the scientific estimate that the universe is about thirteen and a half billion years old. And doubtless there are other Christians who have other age estimates for the universe.
The leaders of western religions felt that Copernicus' and Galileo's theories of a heliocentric universe (a universe where the earth orbits the sun) were blasphemous. This is because there are various biblical passages that claim the universe is geocentric (everything rotates around the earth); by contradicting what religious leaders believe to be the word of God, Copernicus and Galileo were viewed as heretics.
Almost all Jewish scientists, like almost all Gentile scientists, accept the Big Bang as the correct description of our Universe. The only people who accept Genesis are Biblical literalists, and they do so in spite of scientific evidence. There is no serious evidence whatsoever to support a Universe that has existed for only a few thousand years. That being an irrefutable fact, I seriously doubt there are many Jewish scientists that are Biblical literalists.
One often finds terms such as "designed," "plan," etc., in school textbooks. The books may studiously avoid direct reference to a Creator, but these terms themselves beg the issue. They unwittingly hint at the fact that design is the opposite of randomness, and point us in the direction of seeing God's wisdom in the living things. See also: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_some_proofs_offered_by_Creationists http://judaism.answers.com/jewish-philosophy/can-you-prove-that-god-exists http://www.allaboutscience.org/intelligent-design.htm http://www.pathlights.com/ce_encyclopedia/sci-ev/sci_vs_ev_26.htm
There are multiple different types of creationists, depending on their beliefs. Young Earth Creationists tend to believe the universe is less than 10,000years old due to biblical records (the ages of the descendants from Noah onwards are given, and were used to estimate the time since creation). Note that this age is not supported by science which has dated the age of the universe to be 13.72 billion years old.
The Universe is not expanding. The Universe is in equilibrium. The idea that the Universe is expanding results from a mis-interpretation of Hubble's redshift measures and the Biblical Creation Story. Einstein observed that the universe was not contracting under gravity and added a cosmological constant to "account" for the lack of contraction. This cosmological constant is an anti-gravity feature that adds expansion. mathematicians claimed that Einstein's Equations only allowed for expansion or contraction. When the…
From any part of the Universe it looks as if you are at the center of the Universe. From any part of the Universe it looks as if you are at the center of the Universe. From any part of the Universe it looks as if you are at the center of the Universe. From any part of the Universe it looks as if you are at the center of the Universe.
Archaeology is a fascinating field of endeavor which uncovers the remains of life as it was lived anywhere from 50 years ago to thousands of years ago. Because many Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) verses are sparing in detail, and because very many verses were accused of being anachronistic, archaeology can and does fill out the picture, vindicating and illustrating the meaning of hundreds of verses. Here is a small sampling of examples: (See also: Refuting the…