What is the catalase test?
Catalse Test Catalase (also known as peroxidase) is an enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide to oxygen and water. Most higher organisms produce catalase, but in bacteriology this test is usually used to differentiate staphylococci (Catalase positive) from streptococci (Catalase negative). Chemical equation for the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide:2H2O2 → 2H2O + O2 In this test a drop of hydrogen peroxide is emulsified with the bacterial growth, if the organism is catalase positive active bubbling is seen (formation of oxygen) In catalase negative reactions no active bubbling is seen
The main criterion for differentiation between Staphylococcus and Streptococcus genera is the catalase test. Staphylococci are catalase positive whereas Streptococci are Catalase negative. Catalase is an enzyme used by bacteria to induce the reaction of reduction of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen.
Why is it avisable to perform test of unknown catalase-positive organism along with the organism you are testing?
you need to test both the experiment-organism and an organism which you already know is catalase-positive, in the same environment in order to compare the results and determine if your experiment-organism is catalase-positive. - See more at: http://www.chacha.com/question/why-is-it-advisable-to-perform-a-catalase-test-on-a-known-catalase%26%2345%3Bpositive-organism-along-with-the-organism-you-are-testing#sthash.oChX8ZqW.dpuf
Catalase serves as a protein catalyst to hydrogen peroxide. Try pouring about 2 mL of H202 in a test tube, and placing a small peice of a leaf of a plant in the test tube. Rate the reaction on a reacitvity scale of 0-5, with 0 being no reaction and 5 being a vigerous reaction, and you will obtain a brief idea of how much catalase is in the leaves of plants.