Holocaust
Nazi Concentration Camps

What is the difference between concentration camps and extermination camps?

434445

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
2011-01-30 04:41:02
2011-01-30 04:41:02

A concentration camp was a place where persons were kept imprisoned, usually for political reasons. Here they would labor and live, sometimes for years. The first modern use of them was by the British in the later stages of the Boer War (1899-1902) in South Africa, when confronted with determined guerrilla warfare by the Boers. In order to end this guerrilla war, they rounded up the Boer civilians (mainly women and children), burned down their homes and sent them to camps. (The purpose of this was to make sure that the guerrillas had no shelter or support). The camps were badly run, soon became overcrowded and insanitary. About 20% of the inmates died of disease within two years.

Similarly, many persons died in the German run concentration camps. It is not healthy to have many persons in cramped quarters for long periods. Even if food and medical care are plentiful (and they were not) - many deaths will occur. The USA also ran concentration camps for the Japanese. America, being a wealthy nation, gave relatively good rations and medical care to the Japanese. There was no forced labor either. The camps were cramped but not overcrowded compared to those in Europe and Russia and thus the mortality rate was much lower.

Contrast this with an extermination camp. Only Germany and Russia had such camps to my knowledge. Here persons were sent to die and die quickly. In Germany most were gassed, others killed by overwork or other means. In Russia the main methods were by forced hard labor, poor diet and extreme climate.

1
๐Ÿ™
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
๐Ÿ˜‚
0

Related Questions

User Avatar

Concentration camps were used for forced prison labor, while extermination camps were built to kill all prisoners.

User Avatar

Concentration camps were used for forced prison labor, while extermination camps were built to kill all prisoners.

User Avatar

concentration camps are prisons in a sense where as extermination camps are like death row u will certainly die in a extermination camp.

User Avatar

Extermination camps had very few inmates, only enough to staff the facility, which was purely a killing centre. Concentration camps were camps which held people. The exception was Auschwitz, which served as both.

User Avatar

Technically all camps were within the concentration camp system, there were labour camps, transit camps and extermination camps. Concentration camps were generally intended for civillians, initially just for criminals, but gradually more types were included. Extermination camps were established about seven and a half years after the first concentration camps. They were much smaller than the average concentration camps (Auschwitz is an exception as it was both), as they only held enough inmates that were needed to opperate the gas chambers/vans and the cramatoria.

User Avatar

The key distinction was between extermination camps and labour camps ("ordinary" concentration camps).

User Avatar

Concentration Camps - more similar to giving "detention", but these camps focused on forced labor.Extermination Camp - also called "death camps". This is where they would all be gassed in the gas chambers.

User Avatar

Concentration camps were places German Nazis sent Jewish people to be tortured and exterminated. The Holocaust was the name given to the process of Jewish extermination by the Germans.

User Avatar

The key disinction is between 'ordinary' concentration camps (such as Dachau or Buchenwald) and extermination camps such as Treblinka and Sobibor. The sole purpose of extermination camps was to kill. Note that Auschwitz and Majdanek combined both kinds of camps.

User Avatar

The main types of Concentration Camps were Concentration Camps and Extermination Camps.

User Avatar

Extermination camps were used to murder people as efficient as possible but keep some alive and use them for Labour work.

User Avatar

Ghettos, concentration camps and extermination camps.

User Avatar

No. Historians distiguish between #1 extermination campsand #2 ordinary concentration camps. The extermination camps were killing centres and served no other function and had very few survivors. Conditions at concentration camps varied and many inmates survived.Please see the related question.

User Avatar

Concentration camps: 1933-1945. Extermination camps: 1941-1945.

User Avatar

All camps were technically concentration camps, generally the extermination camps were called 'death camps'.

User Avatar

Most were sent to extermination (death) camps, but some were sent to concentration camps.

User Avatar

The SS ran the concentration camps and extermination camps.

User Avatar

Ordinary concentration camps were not secret. Only the small number of extermination camps were secret.

User Avatar

Two extermination camps (not ordinary concentration camps) were closed after revolts: Treblinka and Sobibor.

User Avatar

Concentration & Extermination Camps.Concentration camps are where the inmates were forced to do hard labour and were tortured.Extermination camps, a.k.a death camps, where were the inmates were put straight to death by the gas chambers.

User Avatar

Concentration Camps Transit Camps Labour Camps Death Camps Extermination Camps.

User Avatar

All the concentration camps and extermination camps were run by the SS.

User Avatar

The extermination camps were top secret.

User Avatar

Dachau and Ravensbruch <><><><> There were more than 40 Concentration camps, including 11 that were extermination camps.


Copyright ยฉ 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.