Molecular Mass

# What is the difference between formula mass and molecular mass?

###### Wiki User

The formula mass is used to express the mass of ionic compounds and molecular mass for the molecules or covalent compounds.

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## Related Questions

Both formula mass and molecular mass refer to the mass of a compound relative to 1/12 of the mass of a Carbon-12 atom. However, molecular mass is specific to molecules &ndash; that is, only for a minimum of 2 atoms held together by covalent bonds. As an example, you can say that the molecular mass of water is 18. You can also say that the formula mass of water is 18. You can say that the formula mass of common table salt, NaCl, is 58.5, but it would be inaccurate to say that the molecular mass of NaCl is 58.5, since NaCl is not a molecule. The difference is not in numerical value but merely terminology.

By determining the molecular mass, then dividing the molecular mass by the formula mass of the empirical formula to determine by what integer the subscripts in the empirical formula must be multiplied to produce the molecular formula with the experimentally determined molecular mass.

If you know the molar mass of the compound, you have to calculate the mass of the empirical formula and divide the molar mass of the compound by the mass of the empirical formula in order to find the ratio between the molecular formula and the empirical formula. Then multiply all the atoms by this ratio to find the molecular formula!

No, but by knowing the molecular formula, the molar mass can be calculated.

The molecular formula mass of this compound is 60.0 amu. The subscripts in the actual molecular formula are 2,4,2.

The molecular formula mass of this compound is 240 amu. The subscripts in the actual molecular formula 8,16,8.

Molecular mass and formula mass represent the mass of an individual molecule or formula unit of a compound.

There are 4 step to determine molecular formula, which are given bellow Step:1:- Find empirical formula Step:2:- Find empirical formula mass Step:3:- Find n n=molecular mass/empirical formula mass Step:4:- now find molecular formula to find molecular formula molecular formula(empirical formula)n

the molecular mass of a compound and its empirical formula

The actual mass must be divided by the empirical mass. This was derived from the following equation: (subscript)(empirical formula) = (molecular formula) subscript = (molecular formula)/(empirical formula)

Calcium chloride with formula CaCl2 has molecular mass of 141. Commercial calcium chloride has formula CaCl2,2H2O.It's molecular mass is 177.

Sodium Perchlorate is NaClO4. Since its molecular formula is its empirical formula, therefore its molecular mass is its formula mass. It is 122.44 g/mol

C4H6. C2H3 gives a molecular mass of 27, 54/27 gives 2. Therefore the molecular formula is twice the empirical formula.

The molecular formula of a substance that has an empirical formula of C2H5 and a molecular mass of 58 grams per mole is C4H10 Butane.

The molecular formula is the same as the empirical formula, NO2. The compound NO2 has a molar mass of 46g/mol, so the empirical and molecular formulas are the same.

A molecular formula comprises the constituent atoms of a molecule; to determine molecular mass, summate the atomic masses of the elements in their respective proportions.

Because unlike the empirical formula, the molecular formula does not have to be the simplest ratio.If by chance you are given the percent composition of the elements in a substance, you could calculate the empirical formula and then the empirical formula's mass. However, the molecular formula equation is molecular formula= (empirical formula)n, where n is the mass of the molecular formula divided by the mass of the empirical formula. You would, therefore, need to know the mass belonging to the molecular formula, which you are not given.

Atomic mass is defined for atoms. Molecular mass is defined for molecules or compounds. Atoms bond with each other to form compounds.

The molecular mass of NaCl (as formula unit) is 58,44 g.

Since carbon has an atomic mass of 12 and hydrogen has an atomic mass of 1, the mass of the empirical formula is 12 + 3 = 15. 60/15 = 4; therefore, the molecular formula is C4H12.

In order to find molecular formula from empirical formula, one needs to know the molar mass of the molecular formula. Then you simply divide the molar mass of the molecular formula by the molar mass of the empirical formula to find out how many empirical formulae are in the molecular formula. Then you multiply the subscripts in the empirical formula by that number.