Best Answer

Vertical organizational structure means a strict top down or bottom up structure. Typically, a rigid top down vertical organizational structure has been a favored form for many business and other type organizations. In such an organization, the chain of command is usually very important and breaking it is considered very wrong. In faster moving, dynamic conditions, a vertical organizational structure can become very inefficient, for example, requiring decisions to slowly go through many people along the vertical chain of command before actions can be made by those who need permission to act. Horizontal organizational structure means a flat or closer to flat organizational structure. In a perfectly horizontal structure, there are no leaders, so usually this means a structure that is still vertical, but has been made more horizontal than what is typically referred to as vertical. Where the line is drawn is not exactly clear to me and perhaps depends upon all factors in a particular example and conversation. In general, any large organizational structure has both vertical and horizontal aspects to it and depending on whether it is considered to be more vertical or more horizontal results in what it is called. Vertical organizational structures also tend to create boundaries between departments or branches in a larger organization, because for a person down one branch must go up the chain of command on his branch and then down the chain of command on the other branch in order to interact with someone down the chain of command on a different branch. Having to do this tends to make such inter group interaction so hard as to strongly discourage it. Just think "bloated bureaucratic obstacle course from hell". To have a more horizontal organizational structure means cutting out levels of mid-management which results in allowing more horizontal level of authority. It does grant more authority to various horizontal layers of employees. This can help improve communication, remove inefficient bureaucratic steps, reduce unnecessary work and speed up the whole process. The problem with this can be whether or not the employees given this extra responsibility are in fact capable of handling it. This becomes the trade off between the two organizational forms and why some organizations vacillate between being more vertical and more horizontal are different times. Finding a good mix greatly depends upon the people actually making up the structure, so when the people change, how well the structure is working can change too, thus requiring a change towards being more or less vertical or horizontal. There is another structural form called the circular organizational structure. I'm not an expert in this field, so I'm only giving my best understanding of this question. I find elements of horizontal and circular organizational structures to be so close as to not really understand the difference. However, being an engineer who has worked on a team in an organization that tended to be fairly horizontal, I think of circular having a particular meaning. To me, it means a process of having the leader provide overall direction, defining the goal, and then creating a cycle of work and exchange of information that repeatedly goes through the group, back up to the leader, so that everyone involved inputs ideas and keeps good strong communications open through all involved. By this, I mean that the leader is open to hearing and understanding what those under him are saying and keeps actively abreast with what they are doing. Similarly, as various members of the team are working on things, they keep others abreast of what they are doing, so that people stay on the same page. But, isn't this just part of being a fairly horizontal organization? Well, English is not one of my better skills, so I'll leave my attempt to answer this question as it is. Maybe an expert in organizational structures will come along and give a better answer.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2008-11-12 17:54:40
This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What is the difference between h orizontal and vertical organizational structure?
Write your answer...
Related questions

What is vertical Organization Chart?

The vertical structure of an organizational chart is also called tall structure. This structure has CEO to make top decisions to be delegated to managers in the lower level.

How did Andrew Carnegie help to transform the organizational structure of manufacturing?

i think he developed vertical integration...

Why is organizational structure important What form of organizational structure is best suited to a custom made product produced in a stable environment and a mass product produced in an unstable?

Organizational structure best suited for a custom made product should be vertical and mass product and unstable will be horizontal

Advantages and disadvantages of vertical and horizontal organizational structure?

Vertical organizational structures have clear lines of authority but bottom associates may feel undervalued. Horizontal organizational structures have high employee satisfaction but there may be too much responsibility placed on individuals.

What is the relationship between the mission and vision of a company to its organizational structure?

The mission and vision of a company can be integral to its organizational structure. The mission and vision can determine the chain of command and influence whether the company functions under a horizontal or vertical structure.

What is the difference between a matrix structure and a organisational structure?

the difference between an organisational structure and a matrix structure is that a matrix structure is a combined structure whereas an organisational structure is in a vertical order and has different levels.

How do you draw a diagram to show how potassium iodide dissolves in water?

Orizontal ax: the quantity of KI dissolved in grams Vertical ax: temperature in 0C

Define Vertical Organisational structure?

A traditional hierarchical structure. The opposite of a flat organizational structure. Where the organistional divisions are by task or function. It is clearly divided into specialisation with each department focussing on its own work.

What is the difference between a truss and a beam?

Truss can carry only vertical loads or axial loads. It depends upon structure. But Beams can carry vertical loads and moments

What is the difference between beams and trusses?

truss can carry only vertical loads or axial loads. Its depends upon structure but beam can carry vertical loads and moments.

What is the Definition of vertical organization structure?

vertical organization hierarchically structured organization where all management activities are controlled by a centralized management staff. This traditional type of organization often develops strong bureaucratic control over all organizational activities.

What is the difference between a vertical and a horizontal timelines?

what is the difference between vertical and horizontal timeline

What does vertical structure mean?

A structure (building or similar) that im predominantly vertical (up and down) - much taller than wide.

What is vertical structure of an organization?

A vertical structure is also known as a centralized organization. In business, it relies on top level managers to run smoothly.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of vertical management structure?

vertical management versus horizontal management

What is the sales organization structure of BATA?

It is vertical

What is the difference between vertical and horizontal systems packages?

explain the difference berween vertical and horizontal system packages?

What is the Difference between vertical and horizontal prototyping?

what is horizantal and vertical prototyping

How do you find the vertical rise?

The rise, or vertical difference, between two points on the coordinate plane is the difference i their y-coordinates.

What kind of structure do vertical hyphae produce?


Which company is an example of a vertical integration structure?

Oil Companies

What is the difference between vertical angles and congruent angles?

not all congruent angles are vertical angles. Vertical angles must share a vertex.

What is the vertical distance between two points called?

The difference in the y coordinates would be your vertical separation.

What is the difference between horizontal growth and vertical growth?

horizontal grows wide, and vertical grows up

What is the difference between vertical and horizontal lines?

vertical lines run from top to bottom, horizontal lines run from left to right the difference between the two is 90 degrees if you place vertical lines next to horizontal lines.