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What is the difference between homeschooling and unschooling?


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2015-07-17 17:53:52
2015-07-17 17:53:52

Alan Moses provided this answer on the Home Education Mailing List:

As I understand the way the Growing Without Schooling crowd uses the terms, unschooling refers more to the process of removing your child from school and overcoming the negative effects of the compulsory education process; homeschooling is the more general term referring to home-based learning. I'd love to come up with a better term than homeschooling, due to the implication that the child is spending all their time at home (see my comments on "socialization"); but it's the best I've seen so far.

Heather Millen added:

The process explained [above] could actually be considered "de-schooling" rather than unschooling. Unschooling is child-led learning in a home environment rather than duplicating school and its curriculums at home. Most unschoolers don't follow lesson plans, or even have "school learning" time structured into their day. Subjects are covered when the child's interest dictates not when the "educational experts" say its time for every child to know that subject.

David Mankins added:

Unschooling, for this unschooler, is based in the beliefs that children:

are incredible learning machines, as shown by their ability to learn language and to function in society with little or no explicit instruction

are insatiably curious about the adult world,

and are driven to learn by these features, and sometimes children learn *despite* our attempts to teach them!

Unschoolers also believe, or at least this unschooler believes, that *imposing* an agenda on a child is more counter-productive than helpful, because it doesn't take the child seriously.

I think a lot of this can be justified by reflecting on one's own learning experiences. Nobody makes me learn new things, I just do because learning is fun, or because I want to know about this subject for my own purposes (even if those purposes are as prosaic as justifying my paycheck). The same is true for children.

I think it is also motivated by a certain kind of respect for the rights of children. *I* don't want to be told what or when to study, what right have I to tell another what to do and when?

Unschooling requires a lot of faith in your child, that they will learn the things that are important for them to know despite not being "forced" to, that their seemingly patternless play is experimentation that will pay off in insight, and that they will stick to a subject through the "hard parts". Again, reflecting on one's own experience can help solidify this faith, as can reflecting on the behavior of one's own children.

[The answer above is based on a homeschooling FAQ originally edited in 1994 by Dave Mankins for the Home Education Mailing List.]

To me, "unschooling" simply means when a parent says they are homeschooling, but does not take the time, nor make the effort to do it correctly, and hinders their child's education.

That is not true!

I was homeschooled my whole life, and never fell behind. Infact, I knew alot more then all the kids in public school. I was unschooled, which doesn't mean I never did a work sheet, it just means that I didn't just do work sheets. Unschooling is alot more hands-on, instead of learning how yeast raises in a book, you would do an experement with yeast, and watch it raise. People always act like homeschooled kids are these weird animals that know one knows anything about, but their just like everyone else. People like you think that a child belongs in school, where they are all tought to be perfect at every subject. Which is why almost every child hates school. People are forcing them to be like everybody else. Every child learns differently, one kid may be great at math but horrible at history, another kid may be perfect at spelling, but hate science. It just depends on the kid. All the kids in school are all in a class with a bunch of other kids their age, with all different questions and all different problems, and only one teacher to answer them all. The child then doesn't get enough one on one time with the teacher, then making the subject harder to learn. I remember when I was little having total conversations with adults, who were about three times as old as me. I liked talking to adults more the I liked talking to kids, and I was one. The adults had more interesting things to talk about then the kids did, plus the kids never understood what I was talking about anyway.

Lots of times when a parent unschools their child it is for a reason, not because they don't feel like doing anything. If they wanted to do that, they would just put them in school. Where the teacher raises your child for you.

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The term informal education is defined as receiving an education outside of a standard school setting. This can be considered homeschooling or unschooling, or other forms of educating.

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There are many diffrent options such as unschooling, virtual homeschooling, and triditional homeschooling. Unschool is where you create the curiculim and diside what to teach. Virtual homeschooling is the easiest out of all homeschooling in my opinion because you have profesional teachers and the school sends you all the supplies you need (some even send a computer). You may want to look for the best schooling options for you but if you choose virtual homeschooling you may want to try Connections Academy or if you want a virtual private school try WilloStar (or Connections Academy also has a private school)

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There are many forms of homeschooling . . . Unschooling, The Charlotte Mason Method, Classical, A Thomas Jefferson Education, Relaxed and School at Home are just some of them. There are four general types of homeschooling to choose from: Internet courses that teach your child Computer software that you install DVD or video tape programs that your child watches on tv The text book way: you teach your child from a teachers book

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It completely and totally depends on where you live. Sometimes you have to register with a local school, and tell them that you are homeschooling, and do a portfolio review once a year. In other states, those of us who unschool are allowed to do whatever we like, and we never have to check in with anyone from the school system. There are many websites you can visit to find out about your hometown, and what their laws are like. My advice to you would be to find an unschooling group in the area, and ask them, they will know your state laws inside and out, and will be able to tell you what exactly you need to do.

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If you mean home schooling, yes it is legal.


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