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What is the difference between pressure and stress?

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2013-05-18 06:40:48
2013-05-18 06:40:48

Pressure is the external force acting over a unit surface area of a material. Stress is an internal force acting over a cross sectional area within the material. It may also be thought of as the internal resistive response of a material to the applied external pressure. They both have the units of force / area.

think it as-

suppose we have a cubical solid mass. we apply external force of few magnitude on it and this force will try to deform the cube. at the same instant an internal force will generate within the cube that will try to maintain the shape and size of the cube i.e. this internal force will work against the applied external force. this induced force within the cube is stress.

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