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What is the difference between the Old and New Testament?


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2009-05-08 13:30:26
2009-05-08 13:30:26

The Old Testament relates to the Hebrew people and their relationship with the Lord. Many of the books focus on laws that the Hebrews were given by people like Moses. Other books like Isaiah prophecy the coming of the Messiah. The New Testament is about Jesus Christ, who many believe to be the Messiah. The NT gives us the teachings of Jesus, the story of His life, death, and resurrection, and letters from people like Paul who had teachings for the followers of Jesus. Typically Christians see the NT as "fulfilling" the OT.

Both the Old and New Testaments are considered Holy and divine scriptures, yet not all of the Old has direct relevance for Christians, although even the Law of Moses has instructional significance as it points to the need for Jesus' perfect sacrifice. Much in the Old Testament is 'foundational truth' in that it establishes truths taught throughout scripture from the Old and carried over into the new. Examples of these would be the teaching on God as creator and sustainer of the universe, the origin of sin and the character of God.

As with any sacred writing, it is important to see to whom it applies and the ceremonial laws, as stated above, were given specifically to the Jewish people. And, although Jesus is both pre-figured and prophesied about in the Old, He becomes the central subject of the New.

Probably the most important difference to highlight is the change in man's relationship to God. In the Old it primarily involved external religious ceremonies. In the New it is an internal matter for the heart, beginning when a person is born again and being demonstrated in a righteous life, and witnessing to the person and work of Jesus Christ. Since Jesus has, in the New performed the once only sacrifice, no more 'work' is needed to earn salvation. Christians in the New Testament gladly follow in gratitude, not in order to earn anything, which can lead to either pride and self-righteousness or to uncertainty (have I done enough?) This is not to say that there is no joy in Old Testament, just that the basis for it has changed.

In addition to all this, while the idea that the Jewish faith was for all nations is most certainly evident in the Old Testament, it is very much more prominent in the New, particularly since the leaders of the Jewish religion rejected the Messiah and caused Him to be crucified.


Related Questions

The Bible is comprised of the Old Testament and the New Testament. The New Testament is part of the Bible. The Bible is made up of 66 books: 39 in the Old Testament and 27 In the New Testament.

The difference is that the Holy Spirit was there only when you needed help in the Old Testament and in the New Testament, the Holy Spirit was in all believers at any time.

it is still the same sin except, Jesus preached about it in the new testament

the old testament was first written in greek and the new testament in Hebrew

Faith in the old Testament was embraced by and existed in promise only; whereas in the New Testament faith was embraced by and existed in the fulfilled promise.

People were not baptized in the Old Testament. Instead, there was circumcision of males at 8 days of age.

The old testament is about the times before the coming of Jesus. the new Testament is the records of after Jesus came and died.

The difference of the sons of god , in the two testaments are that in the old testament Jesus is the son of god. But in the New Testament we to can be the sons of god . If only we do believe that Jesus died for our sins.

The Old Testament altar was for the purpose of blood sacrifices. The New Testament altar is symbolic since Christ sacrificed his life and no more sacrifices are needed.

The old testament is all the teachings of God and of God's people (Moses for example) from before the life and death of Jesus Christ. The New Testament is all of the teachings of Jesus. Judaism believe in the Old testament, where as Christians believe in both, the Old and New Testaments.

The Old Testament was before Jesus, it is the history of God's dealings with His people. The New Testament was after Jesus was born, it was mainly written by His apostles about His teachings and His works.

The first five books of the 'old testament' are translated from the Torah.

the old testament was written before the life and times of Jesus and contains nothing about his works. the old testament is more about creation and Moses and the Ten Commandments etc.

the old testament was written between 1513 b.c.e. to 443 b.c.e. The new testament between about 41 c.e. and 98 c.e. 443 plus 41 minus 1 since there was no zero year 483 years is my guess

The Old Testament is mainly the history of the nation of Israel. It does contain prophecies of the coming Messiah. The New Testament is the story of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, after He was born.

It is in the Old Testament between Obadiah and Micah.

old testament means old days like in the beginning of the world. and then the new tesament is the end of the world

It is called the New Testament because it was written after the Old Testament and tells of the new "testament" which means covenant or agreement between God and man. The old testament or covenant with Moses was fulfilled in Christ and this is the story of the New testament.

Differences between the Old and New Testaments:They were written at very different timesThey were originally written in different languages (Old Testament in Aramaic and Hebrew, New Testament in Greek)The laws of the Old Testament were much more harsh. After the introduction of Christ in the New Testament, forgiveness and grace were a much heavier theme.

The two parts of the Bible are the Old Testament and the New Testament.

The prophets in the old testament told us what would happen in the future, and it was fulfilled in the New Testament, like the birth of christ.

The old testament prophets fortold the birth of Jesus, where and when He would be born and His Salvific mission. New testament prophecy was fulfilled by the birth, life and death and resurrection of the true Messiah, Jesus. The final prophecy of the New testament is the Apocalypse taking us to the present day.

A New Testament bible is not specifically a certain translation. It is just a bible without the old testament. A New International Bible (or NIV) is a certain translation of the bible to make it easier to understand.

the old testament is more based on the 'olden' days.we have a different out look tords things so the old testament was written to show us the stories of is the new one.but its best for us to read the new one b/c it relates more to us now!

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