A tropical cyclone converts stored thermal energy located in water molecules into turbulent wind energy by giving up heat through the process called condensation. A tropical cyclone is the generic term for a low pressure system over tropical.
The system actually started out as a tropical cyclone, which is what a hurricane is. Its status was changed to a post-tropical cyclone, which may also be called an extratropical cyclone. A tropical cyclone has a warm core, is powered by convection of warm, moist air, and is generally not associated with fronts. An extratropical cyclone has a cold core, is driven by temperature contrasts, and is connected to fronts. As Hurricane Sandy moved north into a relatively cold environment, it began to lose its tropical charcteristics. The collision of its tropical air with colder air led to the formation of fronts. This was aided by the storm interacting with a cold front to the west, connected with a different system. This process took several days, and was complete shortly before Sandy made landfall in New Jersey.
heaps of rain
No; continental drift is a geological process.
folding of the plates
It usually refers to the natural process it goes through when it is being made
By supplying air to the anticyclone and receiving air from the cyclone
A true hurricane cannot strength over cold water. However, hurricanes that move into colder environments can undergo a process called extratropical transition in which they lose tropical characteristics. After this is complete the storm is no longer a hurricane but is considered an extratropical cyclone. These storm systems gain their strength from temperature contrasts rather than warm water. A hurricane undergoing this transition brings tropical air into a cold environment, creating conditions ideal for a very powerful extratropical cyclone.
A geographical perspective can include many things. These things can be distribution, place, process, location, relationships, movement, clusters, accessibility, patterns, connections, and change.