What is the history of anthropology?

Answer

Apparently the German thinkers Kant and Herder had a lot to do with the creation of modern anthropology. Look for the recent book on this subject by John Zammito, "Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology."

Answer

Haha, this is a long answer, for the easiest way of understanding the history of anthropology look up at a college for the class Anthropological Theory. It should detail all the theoretical minds that started Anthropology. From Plato and Socrates to Spencer and Tylor, then Marx and Engels, to many more the history of anthropology started when scientific thought started. Anthropology is just the study of primates and human culture. Closely like Psychology where you can say its the study of human behavior.