Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2008-03-01 12:27:21

Pre-Sixteenth Century: Although it wasn't until the sixteenth century that our modern day concept of the camera was created (that utilizing a lens), there was a very basic version of the camera that worked on the same basis; this was called the camera obscura. The camera obscura is essentially, a large and dark room with a tiny pinhole in one wall. The camera obscura works because light rays that pass through a small enough hole are able to focus into a point, thus making a projection of the scene on the opposite wall to the pinhole. The principals behind the camera obscura were first described by Mozi, a Chinese philosopher in 470BCE - 390BCE; however, the first camera obscura was only actually made in 1000AD by Alhazan, a great expert on optics in the Middle Ages. 1609: Johannes Kepler, 1571 - 1630, first suggested the use of a lens in the camera obscura to improve the image. This permanently improved the camera obscura and was the first step to the camera with a lens we know so well today. 1666: Isaac newton, 1643 - 1727, split white light by use of a prism and showed that the light coming through the lens in the camera was responsible for the colour in the projected image. This was a key step in Photography, as people now had a clear idea of the source of colour. 1727: Johann Schulze discovered that silver nitrate reacts to light and darkens where touched by light. This allowed the idea of a permanent picture to be developed upon. 1827: Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, universally credited as the maker of the first proper photograph, created the first fixed image after much previous experimentation. His image was produced using the camera obscura method and silver nitrate solutions, which have the remarkable property of darkening where exposed to light, however it was impractical as it required an eight hour exposure time. Also, the image later faded or was destroyed as, when the image was taken out to look at, the areas unexposed to the light soon turned black and thus made the whole image black. 1839: Louis Daguerre created the first permanent images by using an incredibly complicated process; he named the images after himself, calling them daguerreotypes. Basically, a silver plated copper plate was polished until reflective as a mirror, and then it was treated with a very special mixture of chemicals to make the surface light sensitive and exposed in a camera. Once exposed, the image had to be treated with more special solutions to fix the image and prevent fading. William Talbot also created a method of making permanent images by a completely different process almost immediately after Daguerre. His method is much closer to the film development method we used only a decade or two back. He basically soaked sheets of paper in silver nitrate salt solutions and then exposed them in a camera and treated them to fix the image. This produced a negative image, so he shone a light through the exposed image onto another sheet of paper, thus making the image positive, as the black blocked the light and the white let the light through. As the image was much fuzzier than the daguerreotype images, the talbotype (he named it after himself), or later renamed the calotype, images became unpopular and the daguerreotypes stole the scene. These two methods were to be outdated though… they were, despite being much more practical than the first eight hour exposure times, still impractical as the exposure time of three to twelve minutes did not allow for good portraiture shots (the main use of cameras). 1847: The next development in cameras and photography made methods much easier and also opened a door to paper printing methods. It was called the colloidal method, or wet plate photography, and was developed by Frederick Archer. This method used a coating of colloidian to keep the silver nitrate on the surface of a glass plate. The use of clear glass made the images much sharper and only required two or three seconds of exposure and so provided good competition to the calotype, eventually proving more popular. 1860-1900: Through these forty years many developments in paper based photography were made. Though unpopular, they were to pave the way for film photography. Many different solutions and methods of impregnating different papers with silver nitrate and other solutions were created, however most proved cumbersome in comparison to the hugely popular colloidal method of wet glass exposures. 1888: George Eastman finds a way of producing and developing film to be quickly exposed in cameras and then turned into clear images. He set up the Kodak company and made Kodak cameras available, for the first time, to untrained photographers. Each camera, utilizing the pinhole method, came preloaded with enough film to take one hundred exposures. Once these hundred shots were taken, the film was sent back to Kodak and they developed it and returned it. 1900: The first camera, the Brownie, developed for the masses by Kodak marked the advancement to the hugely popular film cameras. It's simple, box camera design and basic controls made it a camera designed for everyone - something the company hoped anyone could use. 1927: The first flash bulb for quick bursts of light was produced by General Electrics. 1932: The first light meter, to detect the light in a specific area, is produced by use of photoelectric cells. 1948: Edwin Land markets the first Polaroid cameras. They are able to produce almost instant photos, fully developed. 1960: The first 'point and shoot', autofocus cameras are developed and marketed by Kodak. It was a revolutionary step in technology to digital cameras today. 1980: Sony produced the first camcorders for the public. They were a storm, offering the ability to record to tape etc. 1984/5: Canon demonstrates the very fist digital still picture camera. A year later, Pixar introduce a digital imaging processor. 1990: CD's become a mode of storage for photographic images, now well and truly into the digital age. Improvements have been made since to various aspects of digital photography, such as processors, sensors etc.

User Avatar

Your Answer


Still have questions?

Related Questions

Where does the camera fit into the history of photography?

You could look up when the camera was invented.

What Periods in us history up until 1877?

slavery civil war . . .

Where is Lake Sylvane in millsberry?

Lake Sylvane in Millsberry is found in the downtown area. The lake may not show up until a camera is purchased from the camera shop. Click the Downtown button in the upper left hand corner after buying the camera.

What has happened in the history of photography from 1970-2007?

In 1970, Smith and Boyle built a CCD (charge-coupled device) into a video camera with image quality good enough for TV broadcasting In 1981, the first consumer camera that did not require film was produced by Sony, the Mavica (Magnetic Video Camera) electronic still camera. In 1986 Kodak created the first sensor that could detect megapixels. The sensor produced a 5x7 inch digital print. In 2006 Nikon and Canon stopped producing film cameras. Cameras could now detect up to 22 megapixels. Mobile phone had built-in cameras that could sense up to 4 megapixels.

How do you zoom in on an iPod touch camera?

you tap the screen when you are using the camera app and there will be a slider hat come along the bottom that is the zoom but if that doesnt work, cover the the camera lenses until you only see black, and then tap the screen, the bar should come up. you can then remove your hand and it will still be up there.

How do you open a minolta xe-7 camera?

pull up on the film advance knob until the back pops open.

Are all the jls boys related?

No Oriste Williams set them up in 2007 and the rest is History!

What is a camera in a car for reversing called?

A back-up camera.

Up until 2007 Leonardo DiCaprio has appeared in how many Martin Scorsese films?


How many rushing yards did Ladainian Tomlinson have up until 2007?

10650 rushing yards

Which way up is the image in a camera?

up way if your camera is down it is gonna come downside

How do you connect your camera to your computer?

In order to transfer pictures and videos into your computer, you need the chord that came with the camera. Connect the USB connector (or USB chord) to the computer and then the other smaller end to the camera. Turn on the camera- it may not turn on fully because of the USB cable, but make sure it is on. Next, turn on the computer and wait until the box comes up with your camera information.

Can taking pictures of a tv mess up a camera?

No, taking pictures of a TV will not mess up a camera.

How is the book This Fleeting World different from most history books?

It covers history from the big bang up until today in only 92 pages.

What was the cost of a postage stamp in 2007?

It was $0.39 cents until May 14, 2007, then it went up to $0.41 cents. source -

When did Jewish homes get vandalized?

Jewish homes have been vandalized throughout history, up until today.

Who is the manager with most wins in the teams history up until 2001 for the Milwaukee Brewers?

Henry Kouene

What is Jewish history?

It is the almost 4000 year history starting with Abraham and continuing up until today. See also the attached Related Link for a timeline.

How does Fred figglehorn do his high pitched voice?

He speeds up the camera. Doesn't speed up camera. Speeds up FOOTAGE. Ha!

Should I start my child with a used camera?

Photography is a great hobby for young adults and teens to pick up. If your child is taking a photography class at school you should start her off with a used camera until she learns how to use it effectively.

What is the first material to make a camera?

For the simplest camera ever, look up "pinhole camera" on the internet search engines.

What is the largest memory card for a Kodak camera?

It depends on the camera but you could easily fit up to 4bg in a Kodak camera.

How do you fly a hydra in gta sanandears?

Go up with W, then press 2, to hide wheels, and hold 8, until camera will change. Goog flying! :)

How much did the first camera cost in 1685?

The 1685 year that keeps cropping up on WikiAnswers is someone's idea of a joke. Cameras had been around (in the form of the camera obscura) for hundreds of years prior, and the first camera was not used for photographic purposes until April 1816 by Nicephore Niepce. Niepce either made the camera himself or had it made, but there is no record of its cost.

Did Isaac Newton invent a camera?

he did but no as we know it it was a pin hole camera look it up