What is the importance of Committees in Congress?

Both the House and the Senate depend upon committees to effectively consider the bills that are proposed each session. A Senator or Representative would be unable to read and handle all the bills that are introduced or studied in the course of a session. The committee system serves several functions. It allows members of Congress to divide their work among smaller groups. Lawmakers can become specialists in specific fields. Committees select those bills that deserve further consideration. By holding hearings, committees can investigate and help the public learn about the problems facing the nation.