What is the importance of trees?
Trees help us breathe and provide a home for quite a few diverse kinds of animals and insects. They are the largest and longest living organisms on earth. To grow tall the tree has become a miracle of engineering and a complex chemical factory. It is able to take water and salts out of the earth and lift them up to the leaves, sometimes over 400 ft above. By means of photosynthesis the leaves combine the water and salts with carbon dioxide from the air to produce the nutrients which feed the tree. In this process, as well as wood, trees create many chemicals, seeds and fruit of great utility to man. Also, trees provide refreshing shade.
Apart from the above, trees are effectively the lungs of the environment. They take much of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen via photosynthesis. They also store carbon in their roots, trunk, branches and leaves. Carbon makes up 50% of the weight of the wood in a tree. Therefore, the greenhouse gas load is reduced and effects of global warming are also brought down. Further dead trees that get buried in soil eventually provide fossil fuels like coal, gasoline products, etc. Among all, trees have an indisputable role in bringing rain to earth. Moreover, they provide a cover over the top surface of earth preventing excessive heating up by solar rays.
Trees provide the human species with a constant supply of
oxygen. This oxygen, which humans in turn utilize for survival, is
produced through trees as they intake various amounts of carbon
dioxide, which humans exhale.
A small seed becomes a big Tree, gives shed in summer and in winter
all of the leaves of the Tree falls down to indirectly provide us
more sunlight and the atmosphere becomes more warm.
Flower on threes give joyfulness to us. Fruits satisfy our hunger.
They (Trees) always take away polluted air (Carbon Dioxide) from the environment and in return they give fresh, purified oxygen.
Tree provide home to the Birds, Animals and Human Beings also.
Some tree have medicinal values also, their every part starting from the roots to the top are full of medicinal values, Neem (Botanical Name: Azadirachta Indica) is a very famous tree and best example of this.
Trees help in controlling temperature of the environment. You have noticed that the place where there are trees, are much more cooler and hygienic for living. That's why people prefer to spend their life in regions which are away from concrete jungle of cities Like New York, New Delhi, Tokyo, Mumbai, London, Cairo and all other big cities.
Deforestation is normal these days, this is creating a lot of problems. Some of the hazards from deforestation are as follow:
1) Soil Erosion: The trees help in keeping the soil intact with
their roots but when there is lot of cutting of trees, the soil is
washed away with water during the rains. And during floods the it
creates havoc. Due to soil erosion the water level also falls
2) Pollution: Trees help in controlling the pollution in the air and if their are no trees, we have to face more air pollution.
3) Lack of Pure Oxygen
4) Environmental Imbalance
5) Imbalance in the Food Chain of the Ecosystem.
6) Global Warming is becoming a major problem these days due to this. Due to this Glaciers are melting and the Sea Level is rising day by day. This is indirectly creating lot of environmental problems.