What is the independent clause in if he does not turn in his paper he will not pass the course?
The independent clause (the part that can stand by itself) is "he will not pass the course". The dependent clause (the sentence fragment) is "if he does not turn in his paper".
When money is awarded to the decedent through a litigation that was begun before the testator's death who inherits this settlement?
The settlement would pass to that person specified as the beneficiary of the settlement in the Will by the testator. If the settlement was not specifically mentioned it would pass to the heirs under the residuary clause of the Will. The residuary clause devises any property that was not specifically devised in the Will. If there is no residuary clause in the Will then that settlement would pass according to the laws of intestacy in…
Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to pass legislation it deems necessary and proper. This is known as the necessary and proper clause or the elastic clause. Obviously, this clause has cause controversy- I mean, what is considered "necessary?" In short, this clause delegates vast power to the legislature to virtually pass any law it sees fit. --Charlie G.