Well there are many. A few are
Accessories that attach to computers are called peripherals. Examples of peripherals include printers, mice, joysticks, scanners, cameras, television tuners, among many other things.
If you mean the name of an adapter or small module that connects to a port such as a telephone adapter or a security key device, then that is called a dongle.
Computer mouse or a pointing device. Is that what you mean?
Pointing device (device class including trackpoints and trackballs).
Devices appears in the left hand column of the iTunes software window when you connect a device to your computer. If a small triangle appears next to the word Devices click the triangle to reveal the name of your device.
This question is a bit broad. The device you are referring to is either: An Authenticator, which generates a unique login, password, or both, for gaining access to a network that is configured in this manner. This is simply called an authenticator. This device is usually a small pocket sized device that does not connect to the computer but has a small display for the information. A Keylogger, which is a device that captures keystrokes on a computer and is used by computer security teams to log and monitor traffic on certain sensitive systems, and is also used negatively to gather people's login and password information for harmful purposes. This device is generally connected to the computer, between the computer's keyboard cable socket, and the keyboard cable. Keyboard cable > Keylogger > Computer. Hopefully one of these is what your looking for.
A smartphone would be one example of a small handheld device. Another might be a calculator, thermometer, or a whistle.
The name of the program that lets your computer to communicate with hardware devices is call KERNEL. Kernel communicates between hardware and software of a computer and manages how hardware resources are used to meet software requirements
You've answered your own question. The device is called a Modem (Modulator demodulator).Some computers needed a separate device, later ones had the modem built in and only needed a telephone cord, between the computer and the phone socket.These days broadband is used. The computer's Local Area Network (LAN) socket is connected through a device called an ADSL (Asynchros Digital Subscriber Line) Router.This needs to connect through a filter to the telephone line, to stop interference on the telephone, which can be used at the same time.
The device where the operating system is stored on a computer is called the CPU. CPU stands for Central Processing Unit and is the heart of the computer.
yes. it is used in computer --- Actually, there is no device specifically by that name. It would be an area of memory in a computer, or even a CPU register, that is used between devices of different speeds.