There is no legal action of the sort referred to. The victim of a crime may choose not to give voluntary testimony as evidence at a trial, but they do not have the power to request that charges be dismissed. In most cases a victim can be forced to give testimony and if necessary the PA can request to have such testimony entered into the court record as being given by a "hostile or unco-operative witness".
"Want of prosecution" (or lack of prosecution) means that a particular lawsuit is not being actively pursued, i.e. prosecuted by one or another parties. All states have court rules that set time frames within which certain things, like take depositions, issue interrogatories, etc. have to be done. In the even a party to a lawsuit does not do what is supposed to be done within those time limits, the court has the discretion in an appropriate instance to dismiss the case for want or lack of prosecution. Curiously, this phrase is used most often in civil cases rather than criminal cases, even though the word prosecution is associated with criminal cases rather than civil cases.
FWOP = For Want (i.e.: lack) of Prosecution. The way the question is worded it sounds as if the defense is filing a motion to dismiss the case - "for want of prosecution." If the judge agrees, it depends entirely on whether they dismiss the case WITH prejudice or WITHOUT prejudice. If it is WITHOUT prejudice the case COULD be opened again by the prosecution. If it is WITH prejudice the case is over and finished and can never be brought again (for THIS particular offense).
I would file a motion to dismiss the case. If the prosecution has deprived the accused of his right to a speedy trial, the charges must be dismissed. Four continuances by the prosecution seems like too many to ensure the accused a speedy trial. I suggest you talk with a criminal defense attorney ASAP (if you are not already represented) , as you will need a good lawyer on your side to get the charges dropped or a speedy trial.
"Dismissal without prejudice" is usually a judgment heard in criminal court, and means that a case is dismissed but CAN be reinstituted at a later time. If by "petition" you are referring to a "motion" before the court, it depends on whose motion it is. If it is your motion, simply ask to withdraw it. If it is the other party's motion, you can offer your testimony as to why it shouldn't be granted, but that is all you can do and the judge will decide how to rule.
In such a case you will lose the house- the only thing you can do is either dismiss your bk petition (if you filed merely to take of your mortgage) or you can convert to a chapter 7 (this would deal with any debt other than your mortgage). Otherwise the Trustee will dismiss your bk petition- which would allow creditors to continue collection efforts, and in the case of the mortgagee (i.e. lender)- to foreclose on the property.
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