What is the process that breaks rocks into sediments?
Weathering, friction from soil motion, decay from time, water infiltration, insects and animals.
The process of lithification changes rocks into sediments. This process is broken up into two parts: cementation and compaction. In cementation, the substance crystallizes, or fills in the spaces between loose particles of sediment. In compaction, the sediments are squeezed together by the weight of layers on top of them.
No because Conglomerate is made by sediments that are eroded by other rock or by dead plants and animals. The sediments are pushed or smooshed together by the pressuer sitting on top of it. This process is called compacton. This process turns the sediments into clasti sedimentry rocks. So Conglomerate is a clastic sedimantary rock.
What is the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together?
Cementation is the term that describes the process of forming sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rocks are formed when sediments (products of the weathering of existing rocks) are glued together. When an aqueous solution is dissolved the minerals crystallize and glue sediments together. This process to form sedimentary rocks is called compaction (pressure-hardened) and commendation (gluing together by tiny crystals).
There are two terms to be used: Weathering - the wearing away of rocks in situ Erosion - the wearing away and taking away of rocks Both are responsible for the production of sediment, but mostly erosion as the sediment is then carried by the body which removed is as sediment, rather than lying as scree, which is not quite the same.
Sedimentary rock is just cemented Sediment. We get Sediment from a process called Weathering. Weathering is a process that breaks larger rocks into pieces. So the answer of how we get Sedimentary Rock is the sediment comes together and cements (hardens) together to make one piece. The sediments could be particles of rock, sand, minerals, or organic material.
Technically rocks are not sediments, rather sediments are derived from weathered rock material. These sediments may conslidate and form rocks such as sandstones and mudstones, which include shales and siltstones. This variety of rock types is of sedimentary origin. Other types of rocks are formed by igneous and or metamorphic processes. Hope that answers your question.