The proper title for a Chaplain in the US military is Chaplain, or his individual rank.
No. The US (United States) is a proper noun, but the word "military" is a common noun, even when applied to a specific country or group. The terms "US Armed Forces" or "US Air Force" or "US Army" would be capitalized as named organizations or groups (per US Navy style guide).
The name of the northeastern US state is spelled Massachusetts.
Definitely not. The strength and location of military units is not made public. The base location of the HQ and the mailing address are public knowledge.
As it is the name for a specific thing, it is a proper noun.
The noun 'Idaho' is a proper noun, the name of a state in the US; the name of a specific place.
The term 'military officers' is a common noun, a word for any military officers of any kind.A proper noun is the name of a specific person, place, thing, or a title; for example:Joint Chiefs of Staff, US ArmyMilitary Road NW, Washington, DC or Officers Lake Road, Meridian, MSCafe Military, Fort, Mumbai, MH, India or The Officers House, Haverfordwest, UK"The Officer's Wife", a novel by B. Sidney Smith or "Trinity: Military War Dog" by Ronie Kendig
The noun 'California' is a proper noun, the name of a US state. Proper nouns are always capitalized. A proper noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or a title; California is a place.
The noun Colorado is a proper noun, the name of a US state. A proper noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or a title; Colorado is the name of a place.
US Military or U.S. Military.