Chemistry
Energy
Kinematics

# What is the relationship between temperature and kinetic energy?

678 ###### 2014-07-09 15:01:05

Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object. Temperatures also measure how kinetic energy is not how hot or cold it is. It's measuring what the amount of kinetic energy there when you throw something in the air and it comes back down.

exampleThere is a ball on the top of a book shelf, and there is one on the bottom. Which one has more kinetic energy? The one on the top, because it has more time to fall and it has more kinetic energy.
🙏
0
🤨
0
😮
0
😂
0

## Related Questions Kinetic energy is a function of temperature. When temperature is increased, so is kinetic energy. When temperature is decreased, kinetic energy follows suit. How does the kinetic energy of solids, liguids, and gases compare The higher the kinetic energy of the molecules, the higher the thermal energy (temperature). Directly proportional. As temperature increases so does kinetic energy  The thermodynamic temperature of a body (measured in Kelvin) is directly related to the average kinetic energy of its particles. Heat is just a form of energy. Temperature is the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. Roughly speaking, the temperature corresponds to the average kinetic energy per particle. Or more precisely, the average kinetic energy per particle and per degree of freedom. The thermal energy of a particle is directly proportional to its thermodynamic temperature (ie. its temperature in Kelvin). The relationship between the three is that the Potential Energy + the Kinetic Energy will always equal the Total Mechanical Energy. The Kinetic Molecular theory is used to describe the behavior of gas. It gives the relationship between pressure, temperature and kinetic energy. As the temperature increases, the kinetic energy of the molecules of the solvent increases.  The higher the temperature, the more kinetic energy. A good example of this is water which is being brought to the boil. As the temperature increases, the more movement occurs in the water. Temperature and kinetic energy have a proportional relationship; as one increases so does the other. Temperature is essentially the speed to which molecules and atoms in a gas are moving, so the faster they move the higher the temperature is. The type of energy that causes a change in temperature is kinetic energy between molecules. If kinetic energy lowers between molecules then temperature lowers and vice versa. Particles of matter are constantly moving, but they do not all move at the same speed. As a result, some particles have more kinetic energy than others have. When you measure an object's temperature, you measure the average kinetic energy of the particles in the object. As temperature increases, the kinetic energy of the molecules increases, so the rate of diffusion also increases.  To put it simply, they move faster. Increasing the temperature means you increase the kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion, so that means they move faster and they collide with each other harder and with more frequency. This means there is a direct relationship between kinetic energy/temperature with reactivity and pressure. As temperature increases, kinetic energy increases. As temperature decreases, kinetic energy decreases. Temperature is directly proportional to kinetic energy.    Kinetic energy of a substance is the energy of motion of its particles. Temperature is a measure of this quality. When you increase the kinetic energy of a substance, you increase the motion and collisions between its particles, and its temperature goes up.

###### ChemistryEnergyScienceKinematicsPhysicsSimilarities Between Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.