What is the role of the Nile River in civilization?
A very broad question covering thousands of years, however basically, without the Nile Africa would be quite different, there most likely be no Egypt etc just desert. The links below will give further facts.
The Nile River was a crucial element in the development of Ancient Egypt Civilization. This civilization depended on the annual floods of the Nile to make their lands very fertile for growing essentials like flax, papyrus, and wheat right on the banks of the river. These could in turn be traded for even more goods.
The Nile River is a river located in Africa. The Nile is most famous for the role it played in Egyptian civilization. The source of the Nile is debatable. Some people believe that the source is Lake Victoria. However, others claim the Nile comes from a variety of sources. Recently, a party of explorers found a source near Rukarara. Sources of the Nile include the Blue Nile and the White Nile.