What is the role of the popular vote in determining how electoral votes are won?
The electoral college is a purely representative forum. Each state is allocated a fixed number of electors (currently, equal to the number of Representatives plus Senators). How that state chooses its electors is up to the individual states. Most of them use a "winner take all" method, where the winner of the majority popular vote in the state is given ALL the state's electoral vote.
However, a few states (Maine and Nebraska) are using a plurality method, where the popular vote winner in each Representative district is awarded one electoral vote, and the winner of the state's total popular vote is given two more electoral votes.
The electoral college is the party actually casting the votes for which runner will become President. Whether they cast their votes with the peoples' popular votes in mind is entirely up to them. A person running for President can lose the overall popular votes, but still become President because of the votes cast by the electoral college.
What is the role of the electoral college in election procedure When has the winner of the popular vote failed to win the presidency?
It is possible that a candidate could win the national popular vote total but lose the electoral vote total. However, the electoral vote of every state accurately reflects the popular vote within that state. The role of each elector in the electoral college is to vote for the candidate who won the popular vote in the elector's individual state.
US Grant won the 1868 US presidential election as a Republican by a comfortable margin with 214 Electoral College votes to Democrat Seymour's 60 Electoral College votes. In the 1872 elections, Grant won reelection with 286 Electoral College votes. The independent Democrat candidate had 42 votes.The US Congress had no role in either election.
A tie for first in the electoral vote count is just one example of nobody receiving votes for president from more than half of the appointed electors. Whenever that happens, the House of Representatives elects the president from among the top three electoral vote recipients. In doing so, all of the Representatives from each state together have one vote, and the winner must have the votes of at least 26 of the 50 states.
The first U.S. presidential election was in 1789. George Washington was elected as the first president of the United States. The election was conducted under the new United States Constitution, which had been ratified earlier in 1788. In the election, George Washington received all 69 electoral votes and was unanimously elected president. George Washington was unanimously reelected president in 1792 receiving all 132 electoral votes.
The only way that Congress is involved at all in Presidential elections is to break a deadlock in the Electoral College. Such an event has not happened for over 100 years. Usually, the Electoral College gives one candidate a majority of votes, electing the President without any congressional interference.
Electoral votes in the U.S. Electoral College determine the President and Vice President of the United States. Every state and the District of Columbia are awarded a certain number of electoral votes with which to elect the President. Each state has electoral votes equal to the total of the 2 representative the state has in the U.S. Senate plus the number of representative the state has in the House of Representatives. The electors in each…
What arguments can you give for and against the use of the electoral college to select the president?
The first U.S. presidential election was in 1789. George Washington was elected as the first president of the United States. The election was conducted under the new United States Constitution, which had been ratified earlier in 1788. In the election, George Washington received all 69 electoral votes and was unanimously elected president.
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John Quincy Adams was elected by the House of Representatives in 1824 because nobody received a majority of the electoral vote Thomas Jefferson was elected by the House of Representatives in 1800 after he and his running mate Aaron Burr tied in electoral votes. The 12th amendment was then added to the Constitution to change the election process and prevent any recurrence of this situation. Gerald Ford was nominated for vice-president by President Nixon and…