Women basically have a similar role to men, except that they cannot become priests or bishops. In many Orthodox churches, women sing in the choir and perform many other important duties, such as raising money for the poor and serving on church committees or councils. In the early Church, women could also become Deaconesses, although this was a non-liturgical and non-priestly role reserved for older women to assist the priest. This practice has largely been discontinued, but there is nothing to stop it from returning. It is up to each bishop to decide. Many women also choose to serve God by becoming nuns. The role of women in the Orthodox Chuch has always been very important and should not be underestimated, but this does not extend to becoming priests. The reason for this is because the Orthodox Church follows the teachings of Jesus Christ, The Bible and the practices of the Holy Apostles. When Jesus chose people for His Ministry on earth, He called twelve male disciples to go and preach to the whole world. Then they chose another 70 male disciples, and so on for over 2,000 years. This is also in keeping with the Old Testament practice of choosing men to become priests of the Temple and rabbis of synagogues. So from this we conclude that Christ has called certain men (but not all men) to become His Priests. He could have chosen women, such as His own Mother, or Mary Magdalene, but did not. We are in no position to say that Christ was wrong in doing this, because Christ is God, and therefore He is without sin and makes no mistakes. This does not in any way mean that women are inferior to men. On the contrary, women were given the same possibility of salvation as men, for the first time in history by Jesus Christ. Baptism in Christ now enabled both males and females to be equally saved (Galatians 3:27-28). Christ also broke many of the social Jewish customs of that time, for example, by speaking with the Samaritan woman by the well, which was not permitted for any Jew to do. So Christ elevated women to the same status as men, but maintained their different roles in society. In other words, women are seen as equal, but different. In the Orthodox Church, the highest place that any human being has ever reached, was achieved by a woman, not a man. The Virgin Mary was the only human being to be elevated to the second highest position in Heaven! Second only to God Himself. After God, comes the Virgin Mary, and then the highest male,who was John the Baptist, and then the Apostles and others. So the highest position that any male on earth has ever reached was achieved by the Prophet St John the Bapstist, but even he is lower in status and importance than the Virgin Mary. Therefore any male or female can achieve greatness in the Church and become a great saint, but no one else can or ever will be able to reach the heights of the Virgin Mary, a woman, who achieved the highest place of any other human being on earth. Yet, the Virgin Mary did not have to become a priest in order to do this! God has given men and women different roles, and this is something that we humans cannot change. For example, God gave women the possibility of bearing children, which is a great blessing. But God did not give this same blessing to men. Does this mean that God has discrimination against men? Of course not! Men simply have to accept that only women can give birth to children. Both men and women can achieve salvation equally, by believing in God and being baptised (Mark 16:16) and by doing good works (James 2:14). Many men and women have become saints and martyrs in this way, and many more will be saved. Being a priest, or bishop, or monk or nun, still requires correct faith and good works, as it does for lay people. After all, the Virgin Mary was only a lay person, but she remained pure and faithful to God. She was a human being like any other woman on earth, yet she became higher than all other men and women and priests and bishops who have ever lived! So being a priest does not bring anyone salvation. In fact, it comes with a very heavy burden and responsibility: to preach correct doctrine. Just look at the example of the famous priest from Alexandria called Arius, who was declared to be a heretic by the church for preaching false doctrines (Arianism) about Christ. Also, Nestorius, who was Patriarch of Constantinople, was also condemned as a heretic for preaching fasle dogmas (Nestorianism), not to mention the betrayal of Christ by Judas Iscariot, who was one of the original Twelve Apostles. So do not think that being a priest or bishop or a disciple will automatically bring you any special blessing or greater benefit than you have now. Sometimes, it can even cause our downfall.
As in the Catholic Church, women may become nuns.
The Eastern Orthodox Church
A priest performs the sacraments (Mysteries) of the Church, and he also does pastoral work, such as visiting the sick, the prisoners, the widows, plus counselling and many many other duties.
Yes, and also in the Russian. there has been for some years a movement to expand the role of women in Russian Orthodoxy to the Ministerium level- but results are mixed.Paul is popular in the Eastern Churchs, and his ( Silent running) order in his varius epistles is taken seriously.
Mosaics created the art that fills the churches .
it affected daily life
There are no known deaconesses in the Orthodox Church today, as the practice of having deaconesses gradually discontinued over the centuries. This does not mean that deaconesses are not allowed, or could not be appointed in future, but there has possibly not been a need or demand for their services any longer. The role of deaconesses in the Church was non-liturgical, meaning they did not administer any of the sacraments of the Church or perform the role of a priest. Their main role was to take care of the charitable work of the Church, to assist during the baptism of women, ministering to the martyrs in prison, and taking care of the widows and orphans. These were very important roles in the early church.
It was the state religion
The head of the Russian Orthodox church is called the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia. He is His Holiness Patriarch +KYRILL I. He is the spiritual leader of all Russian Orthodox Christians in Russia, which is the largest body of Orthodox believers in Russia today and is known as the Moscow Patriarchate. The Russian Orthodox church plays an important and major role in Christianity throughout the entire world.
The Byzantine emperor was an absolute ruler. He also exerted control over the church of the empire, the Orthodox Christian Church.
The Byzantine Emperors were in charge of the Orthodox Church, the church of the empire. The emperor was the supreme head of the church as well as the head of state.
The Orthodox Church was the official church of the Byzantine Empire and was the focus of its religious life. There was also a strong connection between this church and the emperors who, from the reign of Justinian I on, also became the supreme head of the church and exercised supreme authority in ecclesiastic matters.
The split between the Eastern Orthodox and the western Catholic Churches was caused by a number of different factors. Namely, neither side could decide on the Pope's role in the church, or the scope of his authority.
It played a central role in daily life.People went to church reguraly.Also the sacraments gave shape in each stage of life and death.
to care for and tend to her family and household
Christian women who serves faithfully in the local Church
The Byzantine Empire (the surviving, and Greek, part of the Roman Empire) was not a theocracy; it had a secular ruler, not a priest as ruler. However, the Greek Orthodox Church had a significant role in Greek society, and in matters where the Church had a considerable interest, its concerns would have been taken into account, and even guided the ruler's decision. As the Byzantine Empire shrank over its 1000 year history, the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople came to be the undisputed head of the Church in the Byzantine Empire, but he was never actual or defacto ruler of the state.
The people of the empire were very religious.Therefore, the Orthodox Church provided them with spiritual guidance and the rituals they followed.
The Leadership of the Byzantine was heavily impacted by the Orthodox Church, which was the Church of The Empire and Constantinople. The Emperor was reserved a special place in the Church, and If anything was done to desecrate the church, it was either demolished, executed, or repealed.
Historically, church leadership roles were reserved for men but women have changed that. Women are now ordained to be ministers
Lenin played an active role is trying to end the power of the Russian Orthodox Church. His reign of terror saw the destruction of churches and the killing of priests, monks and nuns. The Orthodox Church was declared illegal under the Communist regime and a systematic campaign of persecution and killings took place under Lenin and the other Communist leaders. Millions of Orthodox people were killed during the 70 years of Communism in Russia.
In the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) women and men serve in all roles, including deacons, elders, trustees, pastors, presbyters, and moderators. There is no role in the PCUSA that is closed to women.
Most important at Sparta compared to Athens and other cities.
The Eastern Orthodox Church is one of the two halves of Christianity that emerged after the Great Schism of 1054. It is much more deeply rooted in mysticism than its Western counterpart, the Catholic Church, and claims to uphold the traditions of the original Church of ancient times. The Orthodox and Catholic Churches formally split in 1054 with the excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople and his counter excommunication of several papal legates. Eastern and Western Christianity had been growing apart for many centuries, and had their adherents had clashed over a range of issues from the role and power of the pope, the Filioque Controversy, the issue of Iconoclasm, and a multitude of others, with events of 1054 being the final straw. The Orthodox Church has since divided in several 'autocephalous' branches, including the Greek Orthodox and Russian Orthodox churches. Several attempts have been made towards reunification, but none so far has succeeded.